A mtDNA-based phylogeny of the brown algal genus Fucus (Heterokontophyta; Phaeophyta).Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2006 Apr; 39(1):209-22.MP
Species of Fucus are among the dominant seaweeds along Northern Hemisphere shores, but taxonomic designations often are confounded by significant intraspecific morphological variability. We analyzed intra- and inter-specific phylogenetic relationships within the genus (275 individuals representing 16 taxa) using two regions of the mitochondrion: a variable intergenic spacer and a conserved portion of the 23S subunit. Bayesian ML and MP analyses verified a shallow phylogeny with two major lineages (previously reported) and resolved some intra-lineage relationships. Significant species-level paraphyly/polyphyly was observed within lineages 1A and 2. Despite higher species richness in the North Atlantic, a North Pacific origin of the genus is supported by a gradient of decreasing haplotype and nucleotide diversities in F. distichus from the North Pacific to the East Atlantic.