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Association of fiber intake and fruit/vegetable consumption with weight gain in a Mediterranean population.
Nutrition 2006; 22(5):504-11N

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

We assessed the association between fiber intake and fruit/vegetable consumption with the likelihood of weight gain in the previous 5 y in a Mediterranean population.

METHODS

We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of participants (5094 men and 6613 women) in a multipurpose prospective cohort (Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra Study). Diet was measured by using a semiquantitative food-frequency questionnaire that was previously validated in Spain. We calculated the odds ratios of weight gain in the previous 5 y according to quintiles of energy-adjusted fiber intake and quintiles of energy-adjusted of fruit/vegetable consumption. We also considered the joint exposure to fiber intake and fruit/vegetable consumption.

RESULTS

Multivariate-adjusted odds ratios for weight gain across quintiles 1 to 5 of fiber intake were 1.00 (reference), 0.86, 0.86, 0.70, and 0.52 (P for trend < 0.001) among men and 1.00 (reference), 0.99, 1.08, 1.05, and 0.72 (P for trend = 0.005) among women. We also observed a significant inverse association between total fruit/vegetable consumption and weight gain, but only among men (adjusted odds ratios, 0.78, 0.89, 0.70, and 0.54 for quintiles 2 to 5, P for trend < 0.001). The inverse association between fruit/vegetable consumption and weight gain in the previous 5 y was more evident among those with a high intake of total fiber, and the benefit of total fiber was more evident among those with a high consumption of fruits and vegetables.

CONCLUSIONS

This study provides additional support to the inverse association between fiber or fruit/vegetable consumption and weight gain, thus emphasizing the importance of replacing some dietary compounds by such foods and fiber-rich products, which may help to avoid weight gain.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Navarra, Pamplona (Navarra), Spain.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16500082

Citation

Bes-Rastrollo, Maira, et al. "Association of Fiber Intake and Fruit/vegetable Consumption With Weight Gain in a Mediterranean Population." Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.), vol. 22, no. 5, 2006, pp. 504-11.
Bes-Rastrollo M, Martínez-González MA, Sánchez-Villegas A, et al. Association of fiber intake and fruit/vegetable consumption with weight gain in a Mediterranean population. Nutrition. 2006;22(5):504-11.
Bes-Rastrollo, M., Martínez-González, M. A., Sánchez-Villegas, A., de la Fuente Arrillaga, C., & Martínez, J. A. (2006). Association of fiber intake and fruit/vegetable consumption with weight gain in a Mediterranean population. Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.), 22(5), pp. 504-11.
Bes-Rastrollo M, et al. Association of Fiber Intake and Fruit/vegetable Consumption With Weight Gain in a Mediterranean Population. Nutrition. 2006;22(5):504-11. PubMed PMID: 16500082.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Association of fiber intake and fruit/vegetable consumption with weight gain in a Mediterranean population. AU - Bes-Rastrollo,Maira, AU - Martínez-González,Miguel Angel, AU - Sánchez-Villegas,Almudena, AU - de la Fuente Arrillaga,Carmen, AU - Martínez,J Alfredo, Y1 - 2006/02/24/ PY - 2005/06/13/received PY - 2005/12/23/revised PY - 2005/12/23/accepted PY - 2006/2/28/pubmed PY - 2006/9/6/medline PY - 2006/2/28/entrez SP - 504 EP - 11 JF - Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.) JO - Nutrition VL - 22 IS - 5 N2 - OBJECTIVE: We assessed the association between fiber intake and fruit/vegetable consumption with the likelihood of weight gain in the previous 5 y in a Mediterranean population. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of participants (5094 men and 6613 women) in a multipurpose prospective cohort (Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra Study). Diet was measured by using a semiquantitative food-frequency questionnaire that was previously validated in Spain. We calculated the odds ratios of weight gain in the previous 5 y according to quintiles of energy-adjusted fiber intake and quintiles of energy-adjusted of fruit/vegetable consumption. We also considered the joint exposure to fiber intake and fruit/vegetable consumption. RESULTS: Multivariate-adjusted odds ratios for weight gain across quintiles 1 to 5 of fiber intake were 1.00 (reference), 0.86, 0.86, 0.70, and 0.52 (P for trend < 0.001) among men and 1.00 (reference), 0.99, 1.08, 1.05, and 0.72 (P for trend = 0.005) among women. We also observed a significant inverse association between total fruit/vegetable consumption and weight gain, but only among men (adjusted odds ratios, 0.78, 0.89, 0.70, and 0.54 for quintiles 2 to 5, P for trend < 0.001). The inverse association between fruit/vegetable consumption and weight gain in the previous 5 y was more evident among those with a high intake of total fiber, and the benefit of total fiber was more evident among those with a high consumption of fruits and vegetables. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides additional support to the inverse association between fiber or fruit/vegetable consumption and weight gain, thus emphasizing the importance of replacing some dietary compounds by such foods and fiber-rich products, which may help to avoid weight gain. SN - 0899-9007 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16500082/Association_of_fiber_intake_and_fruit/vegetable_consumption_with_weight_gain_in_a_Mediterranean_population_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0899-9007(06)00020-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -