Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Nutrient intake of women with and without gestational diabetes with a specific focus on fatty acids.
Nutrition. 2006 Mar; 22(3):230-6.N

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Diet therapy is the cornerstone for the management of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Women with GDM are commonly given dietary advice that broadly focuses on a reduction of total energy and fat consumption. We compared nutrient intake and specifically fatty acids of women with GDM who had received individualized nutritional counseling with those of non-diabetic women who did not.

METHOD

Women with GDM (n=44) and healthy pregnant women (n=44) with uncomplicated singleton pregnancies were recruited during the third trimester. Women with GDM were given consultation on diet, health, and macronutrient content of foods commonly consumed by the individual. The non-diabetic group did not receive any dietary advice. Both groups were asked to keep a detailed record of all of foods and fluid consumed over a 4-d period.

RESULTS

After dietary counseling, the GDM group had lower intakes of energy (P<0.05), refined sugar (P<0.0001), total and saturated fats (P<0.0001), and monounsaturated (P<0.01) and trans (P<0.0001) fatty acids and higher levels of docosahexaenoic acid and fiber (P<0.05) compared with the non-diabetic group.

CONCLUSIONS

Individualized dietary advice was associated with a lower consumption of the target nutrients in women with GDM. Another benefit of the advice was a slight increase in intake of eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids, although consumption of omega-3 fatty acids by both groups was well below the recommendations for pregnancy. There is evidence that docosahexaenoic acid modulates insulin resistance and that it is vital for neurovisual development. We suggest that dietary management for women with GDM should foster the current recommendations for essential fatty acids in pregnancy.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Brain Chemistry and Human Nutrition, London Metropolitan University, and Endocrine and Diabetic Day Centre, Guy's and St. Thomas' Hospital Trust, London, United Kingdom. b.thomas@londonmet.ac.ukNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16500549

Citation

Thomas, Beverley, et al. "Nutrient Intake of Women With and Without Gestational Diabetes With a Specific Focus On Fatty Acids." Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.), vol. 22, no. 3, 2006, pp. 230-6.
Thomas B, Ghebremeskel K, Lowy C, et al. Nutrient intake of women with and without gestational diabetes with a specific focus on fatty acids. Nutrition. 2006;22(3):230-6.
Thomas, B., Ghebremeskel, K., Lowy, C., Crawford, M., & Offley-Shore, B. (2006). Nutrient intake of women with and without gestational diabetes with a specific focus on fatty acids. Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.), 22(3), 230-6.
Thomas B, et al. Nutrient Intake of Women With and Without Gestational Diabetes With a Specific Focus On Fatty Acids. Nutrition. 2006;22(3):230-6. PubMed PMID: 16500549.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nutrient intake of women with and without gestational diabetes with a specific focus on fatty acids. AU - Thomas,Beverley, AU - Ghebremeskel,Kebreab, AU - Lowy,Clara, AU - Crawford,Michael, AU - Offley-Shore,Bridget, PY - 2005/03/17/received PY - 2005/07/15/accepted PY - 2006/2/28/pubmed PY - 2006/8/1/medline PY - 2006/2/28/entrez SP - 230 EP - 6 JF - Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.) JO - Nutrition VL - 22 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVE: Diet therapy is the cornerstone for the management of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Women with GDM are commonly given dietary advice that broadly focuses on a reduction of total energy and fat consumption. We compared nutrient intake and specifically fatty acids of women with GDM who had received individualized nutritional counseling with those of non-diabetic women who did not. METHOD: Women with GDM (n=44) and healthy pregnant women (n=44) with uncomplicated singleton pregnancies were recruited during the third trimester. Women with GDM were given consultation on diet, health, and macronutrient content of foods commonly consumed by the individual. The non-diabetic group did not receive any dietary advice. Both groups were asked to keep a detailed record of all of foods and fluid consumed over a 4-d period. RESULTS: After dietary counseling, the GDM group had lower intakes of energy (P<0.05), refined sugar (P<0.0001), total and saturated fats (P<0.0001), and monounsaturated (P<0.01) and trans (P<0.0001) fatty acids and higher levels of docosahexaenoic acid and fiber (P<0.05) compared with the non-diabetic group. CONCLUSIONS: Individualized dietary advice was associated with a lower consumption of the target nutrients in women with GDM. Another benefit of the advice was a slight increase in intake of eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids, although consumption of omega-3 fatty acids by both groups was well below the recommendations for pregnancy. There is evidence that docosahexaenoic acid modulates insulin resistance and that it is vital for neurovisual development. We suggest that dietary management for women with GDM should foster the current recommendations for essential fatty acids in pregnancy. SN - 0899-9007 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16500549/Nutrient_intake_of_women_with_and_without_gestational_diabetes_with_a_specific_focus_on_fatty_acids_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0899-9007(05)00301-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -