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Growth of children living in the outskirts of Ankara: impact of low socio-economic status.
Ann Hum Biol. 2006 Jan-Feb; 33(1):43-54.AH

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Most studies of the growth of Turkish schoolchildren are limited to large cities and to subjects from high socio-economic background. Very little is known about growth and development of rural, suburban and low socio-economic children in Turkey.

AIM

The purpose of this study is to compare height and weight of school-aged children of low socio-economic background with available growth data from high socio-economic strata, and to verify the possible influences of three socio-demographic parameters on their growth.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS

The sample consisted of 1,052 girls and 1,223 boys, aged between 7-17 years, living in the outskirts of Ankara, a suburban area of poor socio-economic background. Centile distributions for height and weight were estimated by the LMS-method. ANOVA and Student's t-test were used to compare mean z-scores for height and weight among the various categories of the socio-demographic parameters.

RESULTS

Children living in the outskirts of Ankara have lower mean values for height and weight when compared with growth data of upper socio-economic strata children. The differences were most pronounced during adolescence. Skinfolds were higher in girls than in boys at all ages (largest p = 0.007). There was no clear relationship between growth and the number of siblings, the number of rooms in the house, the mother's and father's education, and the father's professional status (p > 0.05), except for the height of girls (p < 0.05).

CONCLUSION

It is suggested that the lower growth status of children living in the outskirts of Ankara is attributable to the poor socio-economic status of this suburban population, which has not changed over the past decades. It is postulated that the growth impairment during adolescence might be due to a reduced tempo of growth in these children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Faculty of Letters, Department of Anthropology, University of Ankara, Sihhiye, Ankara, Turkey. tgul@humanity.ankara.edu.trNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16500810

Citation

Gültekin, Timur, et al. "Growth of Children Living in the Outskirts of Ankara: Impact of Low Socio-economic Status." Annals of Human Biology, vol. 33, no. 1, 2006, pp. 43-54.
Gültekin T, Hauspie R, Susanne C, et al. Growth of children living in the outskirts of Ankara: impact of low socio-economic status. Ann Hum Biol. 2006;33(1):43-54.
Gültekin, T., Hauspie, R., Susanne, C., & Güleç, E. (2006). Growth of children living in the outskirts of Ankara: impact of low socio-economic status. Annals of Human Biology, 33(1), 43-54.
Gültekin T, et al. Growth of Children Living in the Outskirts of Ankara: Impact of Low Socio-economic Status. Ann Hum Biol. 2006 Jan-Feb;33(1):43-54. PubMed PMID: 16500810.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Growth of children living in the outskirts of Ankara: impact of low socio-economic status. AU - Gültekin,Timur, AU - Hauspie,Roland, AU - Susanne,Charles, AU - Güleç,Erksin, PY - 2006/2/28/pubmed PY - 2006/7/21/medline PY - 2006/2/28/entrez SP - 43 EP - 54 JF - Annals of human biology JO - Ann Hum Biol VL - 33 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: Most studies of the growth of Turkish schoolchildren are limited to large cities and to subjects from high socio-economic background. Very little is known about growth and development of rural, suburban and low socio-economic children in Turkey. AIM: The purpose of this study is to compare height and weight of school-aged children of low socio-economic background with available growth data from high socio-economic strata, and to verify the possible influences of three socio-demographic parameters on their growth. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The sample consisted of 1,052 girls and 1,223 boys, aged between 7-17 years, living in the outskirts of Ankara, a suburban area of poor socio-economic background. Centile distributions for height and weight were estimated by the LMS-method. ANOVA and Student's t-test were used to compare mean z-scores for height and weight among the various categories of the socio-demographic parameters. RESULTS: Children living in the outskirts of Ankara have lower mean values for height and weight when compared with growth data of upper socio-economic strata children. The differences were most pronounced during adolescence. Skinfolds were higher in girls than in boys at all ages (largest p = 0.007). There was no clear relationship between growth and the number of siblings, the number of rooms in the house, the mother's and father's education, and the father's professional status (p > 0.05), except for the height of girls (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: It is suggested that the lower growth status of children living in the outskirts of Ankara is attributable to the poor socio-economic status of this suburban population, which has not changed over the past decades. It is postulated that the growth impairment during adolescence might be due to a reduced tempo of growth in these children. SN - 0301-4460 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16500810/Growth_of_children_living_in_the_outskirts_of_Ankara:_impact_of_low_socio_economic_status_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03014460500424050 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -