Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Fruit, vegetable, and fat intake among non-Hispanic black and non-Hispanic white adolescents: associations with home availability and food consumption settings.
J Am Diet Assoc 2006; 106(3):367-73JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

This study sought to explore home food availability and common settings of food consumption as correlates of fruit, vegetable, and fat intake among a sample of non-Hispanic black and non-Hispanic white adolescents.

PARTICIPANTS AND DESIGN

Adolescents (n=144 black, 84 white) and their parents completed a cross-sectional survey in an urban adolescent health clinic. The adolescent survey included screening measures for fruit, vegetable, and fat intake and items on frequency of eating meals with family, while watching television, and at three types of restaurants. Parents provided information on home availability of foods.

MAIN OUTCOMES

Correlates of fruit, vegetable, and fat consumption.

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS

Spearman correlations for associations among variables, t tests for mean comparisons, and multiple stepwise regression conducted separately for black and white adolescents.

RESULTS

In multiple regression, home availability was not significantly associated with fruit, vegetable, or fat intake except for fruit intake among white adolescents only. Use of non-fast-food restaurants was the strongest positive predictor of vegetable intake. For both black and white adolescents, fast-food and buffet restaurant use and eating while watching television were the strongest predictors of fat intake.

CONCLUSIONS

Compared with restaurant use and eating while watching television, home availability had a relatively small impact on fruit, vegetable, and fat consumption for both black and white adolescents. Intervention programs on adolescent nutrition should target not just availability of healthful foods, but also ease of access, such as the preparation of fruits and vegetables so that they are flavorful and ready to eat.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS 66160, USA. cbefort@kumc.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16503225

Citation

Befort, Christie, et al. "Fruit, Vegetable, and Fat Intake Among non-Hispanic Black and non-Hispanic White Adolescents: Associations With Home Availability and Food Consumption Settings." Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 106, no. 3, 2006, pp. 367-73.
Befort C, Kaur H, Nollen N, et al. Fruit, vegetable, and fat intake among non-Hispanic black and non-Hispanic white adolescents: associations with home availability and food consumption settings. J Am Diet Assoc. 2006;106(3):367-73.
Befort, C., Kaur, H., Nollen, N., Sullivan, D. K., Nazir, N., Choi, W. S., ... Ahluwalia, J. S. (2006). Fruit, vegetable, and fat intake among non-Hispanic black and non-Hispanic white adolescents: associations with home availability and food consumption settings. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 106(3), pp. 367-73.
Befort C, et al. Fruit, Vegetable, and Fat Intake Among non-Hispanic Black and non-Hispanic White Adolescents: Associations With Home Availability and Food Consumption Settings. J Am Diet Assoc. 2006;106(3):367-73. PubMed PMID: 16503225.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Fruit, vegetable, and fat intake among non-Hispanic black and non-Hispanic white adolescents: associations with home availability and food consumption settings. AU - Befort,Christie, AU - Kaur,Harsohena, AU - Nollen,Nicole, AU - Sullivan,Debra K, AU - Nazir,Niaman, AU - Choi,Won S, AU - Hornberger,Laurie, AU - Ahluwalia,Jasjit S, PY - 2005/01/18/received PY - 2006/3/1/pubmed PY - 2006/4/13/medline PY - 2006/3/1/entrez SP - 367 EP - 73 JF - Journal of the American Dietetic Association JO - J Am Diet Assoc VL - 106 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVE: This study sought to explore home food availability and common settings of food consumption as correlates of fruit, vegetable, and fat intake among a sample of non-Hispanic black and non-Hispanic white adolescents. PARTICIPANTS AND DESIGN: Adolescents (n=144 black, 84 white) and their parents completed a cross-sectional survey in an urban adolescent health clinic. The adolescent survey included screening measures for fruit, vegetable, and fat intake and items on frequency of eating meals with family, while watching television, and at three types of restaurants. Parents provided information on home availability of foods. MAIN OUTCOMES: Correlates of fruit, vegetable, and fat consumption. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Spearman correlations for associations among variables, t tests for mean comparisons, and multiple stepwise regression conducted separately for black and white adolescents. RESULTS: In multiple regression, home availability was not significantly associated with fruit, vegetable, or fat intake except for fruit intake among white adolescents only. Use of non-fast-food restaurants was the strongest positive predictor of vegetable intake. For both black and white adolescents, fast-food and buffet restaurant use and eating while watching television were the strongest predictors of fat intake. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with restaurant use and eating while watching television, home availability had a relatively small impact on fruit, vegetable, and fat consumption for both black and white adolescents. Intervention programs on adolescent nutrition should target not just availability of healthful foods, but also ease of access, such as the preparation of fruits and vegetables so that they are flavorful and ready to eat. SN - 0002-8223 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16503225/Fruit_vegetable_and_fat_intake_among_non_Hispanic_black_and_non_Hispanic_white_adolescents:_associations_with_home_availability_and_food_consumption_settings_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002-8223(05)02081-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -