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Human T lymphotropic virus type I/II infection: prevalence and risk factors in individuals testing for HIV in counseling centers from Southern Brazil.
Sex Transm Dis. 2006 May; 33(5):302-6.ST

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The objective of this study was to ascertain the prevalence and to investigate risk factors for human T lymphotropic virus type I/II (HTLV I/II) infection among subjects who tested for HIV at three counseling centers in Porto Alegre, Brazil.

METHODS

The authors conducted a cross-sectional study in which subjects screened for HIV were tested for HTLV. Socioeconomic and demographic data, social and sexual behavior, history of having been breastfed, and past blood transfusion or drug use were gathered with a standardized questionnaire.

RESULTS

Among 2985 participants, 2.4% had HTLV infection confirmed (1.4% HTLV I). The risk increased with age, but there was no difference among genders. The multivariate model shows that injecting cocaine users were 5.2 (95% confidence interval, 2.5-10.7) times more likely to be HTLV I/II-positive than non-injecting cocaine users and HIV infection persisted as an independent risk factor.

CONCLUSION

Among persons presenting at HIV testing centers in Porto Alegre, Brazil, HTLV I was three times more common than HTLV II; injection drug use was the predominant mode of transmission.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Health State Secretariat, RS, Brasil.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16505751

Citation

Barcellos, Nêmora Tregnago, et al. "Human T Lymphotropic Virus Type I/II Infection: Prevalence and Risk Factors in Individuals Testing for HIV in Counseling Centers From Southern Brazil." Sexually Transmitted Diseases, vol. 33, no. 5, 2006, pp. 302-6.
Barcellos NT, Fuchs SC, Mondini LG, et al. Human T lymphotropic virus type I/II infection: prevalence and risk factors in individuals testing for HIV in counseling centers from Southern Brazil. Sex Transm Dis. 2006;33(5):302-6.
Barcellos, N. T., Fuchs, S. C., Mondini, L. G., & Murphy, E. L. (2006). Human T lymphotropic virus type I/II infection: prevalence and risk factors in individuals testing for HIV in counseling centers from Southern Brazil. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 33(5), 302-6.
Barcellos NT, et al. Human T Lymphotropic Virus Type I/II Infection: Prevalence and Risk Factors in Individuals Testing for HIV in Counseling Centers From Southern Brazil. Sex Transm Dis. 2006;33(5):302-6. PubMed PMID: 16505751.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Human T lymphotropic virus type I/II infection: prevalence and risk factors in individuals testing for HIV in counseling centers from Southern Brazil. AU - Barcellos,Nêmora Tregnago, AU - Fuchs,Sandra Costa, AU - Mondini,Ludia Goulart, AU - Murphy,Edward L, PY - 2006/3/1/pubmed PY - 2006/5/27/medline PY - 2006/3/1/entrez SP - 302 EP - 6 JF - Sexually transmitted diseases JO - Sex Transm Dis VL - 33 IS - 5 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to ascertain the prevalence and to investigate risk factors for human T lymphotropic virus type I/II (HTLV I/II) infection among subjects who tested for HIV at three counseling centers in Porto Alegre, Brazil. METHODS: The authors conducted a cross-sectional study in which subjects screened for HIV were tested for HTLV. Socioeconomic and demographic data, social and sexual behavior, history of having been breastfed, and past blood transfusion or drug use were gathered with a standardized questionnaire. RESULTS: Among 2985 participants, 2.4% had HTLV infection confirmed (1.4% HTLV I). The risk increased with age, but there was no difference among genders. The multivariate model shows that injecting cocaine users were 5.2 (95% confidence interval, 2.5-10.7) times more likely to be HTLV I/II-positive than non-injecting cocaine users and HIV infection persisted as an independent risk factor. CONCLUSION: Among persons presenting at HIV testing centers in Porto Alegre, Brazil, HTLV I was three times more common than HTLV II; injection drug use was the predominant mode of transmission. SN - 0148-5717 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16505751/Human_T_lymphotropic_virus_type_I/II_infection:_prevalence_and_risk_factors_in_individuals_testing_for_HIV_in_counseling_centers_from_Southern_Brazil_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1097/01.olq.0000194598.47821.b6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -