A direct catalytic asymmetric Mannich-type reaction via a dinuclear zinc catalyst: synthesis of either anti- or syn-alpha-hydroxy-beta-amino ketones.J Am Chem Soc. 2006 Mar 08; 128(9):2778-9.JA
The use of imines bearing a hydrolyzable nitrogen substituent in direct asymmetric Mannich reactions with alpha-hydroxyketones is developed. Previous work focused on the use of N-arylimines or nonenolizable imines, and the latter with only methoxy-substituted alpha-hydroxyacetophenones. Using a dinuclear catalyst devised from 2,6-di-(S)-2'-diphenylhydroxymethylpyrrolidino-N-methyl)-4-methylphenol and diethylzinc, a broad array of hydroxyacetylated aromatics, including phenyl, 2-furyl, 1-naphthyl, and 2-naphthyl, react well. In addition, the reactions focused on the use of enolizable imines. With the N-diphenylphosphinoyl, the reactions are anti selective with enantiomeric excesses ranging from 83 to 99%, except for the reaction of the 2-methoxy-2'-hydroxyacetylbenzene. With the N-Boc-imines, the reactions were syn selective with enantiomeric excesses from 90 to 94%. The dependence of the diastereoselectivity on the nature of the N-substituent presumably arises from the steric demands of the diphenylphosphinoyl group.