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Symptoms, symptom beliefs, and quality of life of older breast cancer survivors: a comparative study.
Oncol Nurs Forum 2006; 33(2):315-22ON

Abstract

PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES

To compare symptoms, symptom beliefs, and quality of life (QOL) of older breast cancer survivors to those of older women without breast cancer.

DESIGN

Descriptive, correlational study.

SETTING

Urban and rural communities in the Midwest United States.

SAMPLE

18 breast cancer survivors and 24 women without breast cancer, older than age 64 (X age = 76 years).

METHODS

In-home interviews using structured instruments.

MAIN RESEARCH VARIABLES

Symptom distress (number of and distress from symptoms), symptom beliefs, chronic health problems, and QOL.

FINDINGS

No group differences existed in demographic characteristics, symptom number, symptom bother, chronic health conditions, or QOL. Women in both groups most often attributed the cause of their symptoms to aging, chronic illness, or unknown, but rarely to breast cancer. Attributing symptoms to chronic illness or breast cancer was significantly related to more pain, depression, role impairment, and poorer mental health. Not knowing the cause of symptoms was significantly related to poorer social functioning, mental health, and purpose in life; less energy; and higher levels of depression and anxiety.

CONCLUSIONS

The symptom experience and QOL of older breast cancer survivors are similar to those of older women with other chronic health problems. Beliefs about symptoms influence QOL in older women.

IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING

A broader assessment of symptoms is needed to assist older breast cancer survivors with symptom management. Symptom interventions in older women should address patients' beliefs about symptoms if QOL is to be enhanced.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Nursing, University of Wisconsin--Madison, USA. smheidrich@wisc.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16518447

Citation

Heidrich, Susan M., et al. "Symptoms, Symptom Beliefs, and Quality of Life of Older Breast Cancer Survivors: a Comparative Study." Oncology Nursing Forum, vol. 33, no. 2, 2006, pp. 315-22.
Heidrich SM, Egan JJ, Hengudomsub P, et al. Symptoms, symptom beliefs, and quality of life of older breast cancer survivors: a comparative study. Oncol Nurs Forum. 2006;33(2):315-22.
Heidrich, S. M., Egan, J. J., Hengudomsub, P., & Randolph, S. M. (2006). Symptoms, symptom beliefs, and quality of life of older breast cancer survivors: a comparative study. Oncology Nursing Forum, 33(2), pp. 315-22.
Heidrich SM, et al. Symptoms, Symptom Beliefs, and Quality of Life of Older Breast Cancer Survivors: a Comparative Study. Oncol Nurs Forum. 2006 Nov 3;33(2):315-22. PubMed PMID: 16518447.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Symptoms, symptom beliefs, and quality of life of older breast cancer survivors: a comparative study. AU - Heidrich,Susan M, AU - Egan,Judith J, AU - Hengudomsub,Pornpat, AU - Randolph,Shanna M, Y1 - 2006/11/03/ PY - 2006/3/7/pubmed PY - 2006/5/24/medline PY - 2006/3/7/entrez SP - 315 EP - 22 JF - Oncology nursing forum JO - Oncol Nurs Forum VL - 33 IS - 2 N2 - PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To compare symptoms, symptom beliefs, and quality of life (QOL) of older breast cancer survivors to those of older women without breast cancer. DESIGN: Descriptive, correlational study. SETTING: Urban and rural communities in the Midwest United States. SAMPLE: 18 breast cancer survivors and 24 women without breast cancer, older than age 64 (X age = 76 years). METHODS: In-home interviews using structured instruments. MAIN RESEARCH VARIABLES: Symptom distress (number of and distress from symptoms), symptom beliefs, chronic health problems, and QOL. FINDINGS: No group differences existed in demographic characteristics, symptom number, symptom bother, chronic health conditions, or QOL. Women in both groups most often attributed the cause of their symptoms to aging, chronic illness, or unknown, but rarely to breast cancer. Attributing symptoms to chronic illness or breast cancer was significantly related to more pain, depression, role impairment, and poorer mental health. Not knowing the cause of symptoms was significantly related to poorer social functioning, mental health, and purpose in life; less energy; and higher levels of depression and anxiety. CONCLUSIONS: The symptom experience and QOL of older breast cancer survivors are similar to those of older women with other chronic health problems. Beliefs about symptoms influence QOL in older women. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: A broader assessment of symptoms is needed to assist older breast cancer survivors with symptom management. Symptom interventions in older women should address patients' beliefs about symptoms if QOL is to be enhanced. SN - 1538-0688 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16518447/Symptoms_symptom_beliefs_and_quality_of_life_of_older_breast_cancer_survivors:_a_comparative_study_ L2 - http://store.ons.org/article/find?doi=10.1188/06.ONF.315-322 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -