Reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide-nitrate reductase of Chlorella vulgaris. Purification, prosthetic groups, and molecular properties.J Biol Chem. 1975 Jun 10; 250(11):4120-7.JB
NADH:nitrate reductase (EC 18.104.22.168) from Chlorella vulgaris has been purified 640-fold with an over-all yield of 26% by a combination of protamine sulfate fractionation, ammonium sulfate fractionation, gel chromatography, density gradient centrifugation, and DEAE-chromatography. The purified enzyme is stable for more than 2 months when stored at minus 20 degrees in phosphate buffer (pH 6.9) containing 40% (v/v) glycerol. After the initial steps of the purification, a constant ratio of NADH:nitrate reductase activity to NADH:cytochrome c reductase and reduced methyl viologen:nitrate reductase activities was observed. One band of protein was detected after polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of the purified enzyme. This band also gave a positive stain for heme, NADH dehydrogenase, and reduced methyl viologen:nitrate reductase. One band, corresponding to a molecular weight of 100, 000, was detected after sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The enzyme contains FAD, heme, and molybdenum in a 1:1:0.8 ratio. One "cyanide binding site" per molybdenum was found. No non-heme-iron or labile sulfide was detected. From a dry weight determination of the purified enzyme, a minimal molecular weight of 152, 000 per molecule of heme or FAD was calculated. An s20, w of 9.7 S for nitrate reductase was found by the use of sucrose density gradient centrifugation and a Stokes radius of 89 A was estimated by gel filtration techniques. From these values, and the assumption that the partial specific volume is 0.725 cc/g, a molecular weight of 356, 000 was estimated for the native enzyme. These data suggest that the native enzyme contains a minimum of 2 molecules each of FAD, heme, and molybdenum and is composed of at least three subunits.