H MRS identifies lactate rise in the striatum of MPTP-treated C57BL/6 mice.Eur J Neurosci. 2006 Feb; 23(4):1077-81.EJ
Mitochondrial dysfunction has been implicated in the death of nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons in 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-treated experimental models of Parkinson's disease (PD). Here we utilized proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H MRS) to identify changes in energy metabolism in the striatum of MPTP-treated C57BL/6 mice. Remarkable increases in lactate/creatine (Lac/Cr) ratio were observed at 2 h and then quickly returned to about the basal level by 7 h after injection of MPTP. Neurochemical and Western blot analyses revealed that dopamine contents and protein levels of tyrosine hydroxylase and dopamine transporter in the striatum were profoundly decreased at 3 days after MPTP treatment. Pretreatment with deprenyl, a monoamine oxidase B inhibitor, or GBR-12909, a dopamine uptake inhibitor, almost completely attenuated both the increases in striatal Lac/Cr ratio and the subsequent loss of dopaminergic nerve terminals in MPTP-treated mice. The present study indicates that (1)H MRS is a sensitive measure of biochemical alterations of the brain in a mouse model of PD, and further shows that the increases in striatal Lac/Cr ratio induced by MPTP may be associated with mitochondrial energy crisis, followed by dopaminergic neurotoxicity.