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Oral cancer and pre-cancer in Myanmar: a short review.
J Oral Pathol Med 2006; 35(4):193-6JO

Abstract

Cancer in Myanmar is one of the 10 leading causes of morbidity and mortality. In 1974, the Yangon Cancer Registry was established. From 1974 to 2001 a total of 85 298 cancer cases were registered. From 1963 to 1972 the average annual incidence rate of oral cancer was calculated to be 363 per 100 000 population. The tongue was mostly affected (31.2%). In one study, the prevalence of oral leukoplakia was 1.7%, erythroplakia 0.1%, and submucous fibrosis 0.1%. No epidemiologic studies of the prevalence of betel quid chewing (BQC) in Myanmar have been performed. One study showed that among 773 individuals over the age of 6 years, 46.4% were habitual smokers. A recent symposium on oral health stressed the necessity to introduce concepts of prevention, focusing on BQC habits and smoking as high-risk factors for oral cancer and pre-cancer in Myanmar.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Oral Surgery and Dental Radiology, Center for Dental Medicine, University Medicine Berlin, Germany. peter-a-reichart@charite.deNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16519764

Citation

Reichart, P A., and T H. Way. "Oral Cancer and Pre-cancer in Myanmar: a Short Review." Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine : Official Publication of the International Association of Oral Pathologists and the American Academy of Oral Pathology, vol. 35, no. 4, 2006, pp. 193-6.
Reichart PA, Way TH. Oral cancer and pre-cancer in Myanmar: a short review. J Oral Pathol Med. 2006;35(4):193-6.
Reichart, P. A., & Way, T. H. (2006). Oral cancer and pre-cancer in Myanmar: a short review. Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine : Official Publication of the International Association of Oral Pathologists and the American Academy of Oral Pathology, 35(4), pp. 193-6.
Reichart PA, Way TH. Oral Cancer and Pre-cancer in Myanmar: a Short Review. J Oral Pathol Med. 2006;35(4):193-6. PubMed PMID: 16519764.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Oral cancer and pre-cancer in Myanmar: a short review. AU - Reichart,P A, AU - Way,T H, PY - 2006/3/8/pubmed PY - 2006/5/18/medline PY - 2006/3/8/entrez SP - 193 EP - 6 JF - Journal of oral pathology & medicine : official publication of the International Association of Oral Pathologists and the American Academy of Oral Pathology JO - J. Oral Pathol. Med. VL - 35 IS - 4 N2 - Cancer in Myanmar is one of the 10 leading causes of morbidity and mortality. In 1974, the Yangon Cancer Registry was established. From 1974 to 2001 a total of 85 298 cancer cases were registered. From 1963 to 1972 the average annual incidence rate of oral cancer was calculated to be 363 per 100 000 population. The tongue was mostly affected (31.2%). In one study, the prevalence of oral leukoplakia was 1.7%, erythroplakia 0.1%, and submucous fibrosis 0.1%. No epidemiologic studies of the prevalence of betel quid chewing (BQC) in Myanmar have been performed. One study showed that among 773 individuals over the age of 6 years, 46.4% were habitual smokers. A recent symposium on oral health stressed the necessity to introduce concepts of prevention, focusing on BQC habits and smoking as high-risk factors for oral cancer and pre-cancer in Myanmar. SN - 0904-2512 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16519764/Oral_cancer_and_pre_cancer_in_Myanmar:_a_short_review_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0714.2006.00390.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -