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Gender specific effects of a mild stressor on alcohol cue reactivity in heavy social drinkers.
Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2006 Feb; 83(2):239-48.PB

Abstract

RATIONALE

Stress plays an important role in the development and maintenance of alcohol-abuse. Some of the effects of stress on alcohol-related behaviours, however, appear to be gender-dependent.

AIM

The present study set out to examine the effects of stress on feelings of desire for alcohol, skin conductance response and alcohol consumption in the presence of alcohol-related cues in relation to gender. Participants were heavy non-dependent alcohol drinkers.

METHODS

Thirty-two (16 males) participants drinking more than 21 units of alcohol per week were randomly allocated to undergo the experimental stress (based on the 'Trier Social Stress' Test) or the non-stress procedure before the alcohol cue exposure procedure, during which participants handled and smelled their preferred drink. Mood and saliva cortisol level changes were used as indices of the stress effects, while alcohol craving, skin conductance and alcohol consumption were the cue reactivity measures.

RESULTS

Self ratings of anxiety and tension increased and cortisol levels remained high in the stress compared to the non-stress condition; no gender differences were found. Stress induced gender-specific effects with regard to skin conductance response and alcohol consumption measurements. Stressed females did not show an increase from baseline in the skin conductance response during the alcohol cue-exposure session, which was observed in the non-stressed females; they also consumed less alcohol than males under stress.

CONCLUSION

Female participants respond less to alcohol-related cues when in a negative mood state. Such a finding suggests that females when in a negative mood may be less sensitive to positive incentive processes mediating cue reactivity compared to males.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, School of Life Sciences, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton BN1 9QG, UK.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16529799

Citation

Nesic, J, and T Duka. "Gender Specific Effects of a Mild Stressor On Alcohol Cue Reactivity in Heavy Social Drinkers." Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior, vol. 83, no. 2, 2006, pp. 239-48.
Nesic J, Duka T. Gender specific effects of a mild stressor on alcohol cue reactivity in heavy social drinkers. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2006;83(2):239-48.
Nesic, J., & Duka, T. (2006). Gender specific effects of a mild stressor on alcohol cue reactivity in heavy social drinkers. Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior, 83(2), 239-48.
Nesic J, Duka T. Gender Specific Effects of a Mild Stressor On Alcohol Cue Reactivity in Heavy Social Drinkers. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2006;83(2):239-48. PubMed PMID: 16529799.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Gender specific effects of a mild stressor on alcohol cue reactivity in heavy social drinkers. AU - Nesic,J, AU - Duka,T, Y1 - 2006/03/10/ PY - 2005/06/07/received PY - 2006/01/23/revised PY - 2006/02/01/accepted PY - 2006/3/15/pubmed PY - 2006/8/15/medline PY - 2006/3/15/entrez SP - 239 EP - 48 JF - Pharmacology, biochemistry, and behavior JO - Pharmacol Biochem Behav VL - 83 IS - 2 N2 - RATIONALE: Stress plays an important role in the development and maintenance of alcohol-abuse. Some of the effects of stress on alcohol-related behaviours, however, appear to be gender-dependent. AIM: The present study set out to examine the effects of stress on feelings of desire for alcohol, skin conductance response and alcohol consumption in the presence of alcohol-related cues in relation to gender. Participants were heavy non-dependent alcohol drinkers. METHODS: Thirty-two (16 males) participants drinking more than 21 units of alcohol per week were randomly allocated to undergo the experimental stress (based on the 'Trier Social Stress' Test) or the non-stress procedure before the alcohol cue exposure procedure, during which participants handled and smelled their preferred drink. Mood and saliva cortisol level changes were used as indices of the stress effects, while alcohol craving, skin conductance and alcohol consumption were the cue reactivity measures. RESULTS: Self ratings of anxiety and tension increased and cortisol levels remained high in the stress compared to the non-stress condition; no gender differences were found. Stress induced gender-specific effects with regard to skin conductance response and alcohol consumption measurements. Stressed females did not show an increase from baseline in the skin conductance response during the alcohol cue-exposure session, which was observed in the non-stressed females; they also consumed less alcohol than males under stress. CONCLUSION: Female participants respond less to alcohol-related cues when in a negative mood state. Such a finding suggests that females when in a negative mood may be less sensitive to positive incentive processes mediating cue reactivity compared to males. SN - 0091-3057 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16529799/Gender_specific_effects_of_a_mild_stressor_on_alcohol_cue_reactivity_in_heavy_social_drinkers_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0091-3057(06)00027-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -