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A passive smoking screening program for children.
Prev Med. 2006 Jun; 42(6):427-9.PM

Abstract

BACKGROUND

There has been no report to date on mass screening of passive smoking in children using biomarkers.

METHOD

To identify children exposed to actual environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), 261 children were divided into the following 3 groups: (A) both parents smoke; (B) one parent smokes; and (C) no parent smokes. Child urinary cotinine measurement and a parent questionnaire were obtained.

RESULTS

Urinary cotinine was positive (>10 ng/ml) in 92 (35.2%) of the 261 children. Of the 92 children, 29 were classified into group A, 47 into group B, and 16 into group C. The percentages of children who tested positive for urinary cotinine in groups A, B, and C were 56.9%, 31.1%, and 27.1%, respectively. However, in group B, the percentage of children who tested positive for urinary cotinine was significantly higher if only the mother smoked (47.1%) than if only the father smoked (29.1%) (P<0.05). The mean+SD urinary cotinine level in group A was 12.9+/-6.5 ng/ml, and that in group B was 10.4+/-3.8 ng/ml if the mother smoked and 5.4+/-2.6 ng/ml if the father smoked.

CONCLUSIONS

This smoking screening program may be useful in identifying children with actual ETS exposure and motivating their parents to either quit smoking or modify their smoking behavior around children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Ino Clinic, 1-12-24 Hakoda, Kumagaya, Saitama 360-0014, Japan. ino-t@sk9.so-net.ne.jpNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16530257

Citation

Ino, Toshihiro, et al. "A Passive Smoking Screening Program for Children." Preventive Medicine, vol. 42, no. 6, 2006, pp. 427-9.
Ino T, Shibuya T, Saito K, et al. A passive smoking screening program for children. Prev Med. 2006;42(6):427-9.
Ino, T., Shibuya, T., Saito, K., Ohshima, J., & Okada, R. (2006). A passive smoking screening program for children. Preventive Medicine, 42(6), 427-9.
Ino T, et al. A Passive Smoking Screening Program for Children. Prev Med. 2006;42(6):427-9. PubMed PMID: 16530257.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A passive smoking screening program for children. AU - Ino,Toshihiro, AU - Shibuya,Tomoyuki, AU - Saito,Kota, AU - Ohshima,Joji, AU - Okada,Ryozo, Y1 - 2006/03/10/ PY - 2005/07/27/received PY - 2006/01/15/revised PY - 2006/01/19/accepted PY - 2006/3/15/pubmed PY - 2006/11/11/medline PY - 2006/3/15/entrez SP - 427 EP - 9 JF - Preventive medicine JO - Prev Med VL - 42 IS - 6 N2 - BACKGROUND: There has been no report to date on mass screening of passive smoking in children using biomarkers. METHOD: To identify children exposed to actual environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), 261 children were divided into the following 3 groups: (A) both parents smoke; (B) one parent smokes; and (C) no parent smokes. Child urinary cotinine measurement and a parent questionnaire were obtained. RESULTS: Urinary cotinine was positive (>10 ng/ml) in 92 (35.2%) of the 261 children. Of the 92 children, 29 were classified into group A, 47 into group B, and 16 into group C. The percentages of children who tested positive for urinary cotinine in groups A, B, and C were 56.9%, 31.1%, and 27.1%, respectively. However, in group B, the percentage of children who tested positive for urinary cotinine was significantly higher if only the mother smoked (47.1%) than if only the father smoked (29.1%) (P<0.05). The mean+SD urinary cotinine level in group A was 12.9+/-6.5 ng/ml, and that in group B was 10.4+/-3.8 ng/ml if the mother smoked and 5.4+/-2.6 ng/ml if the father smoked. CONCLUSIONS: This smoking screening program may be useful in identifying children with actual ETS exposure and motivating their parents to either quit smoking or modify their smoking behavior around children. SN - 0091-7435 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16530257/A_passive_smoking_screening_program_for_children_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0091-7435(06)00040-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -