Predictive value of morphologic characteristics in rectosigmoid adenomatous polyps for the probability of synchronous polyps or cancer in the proximal colon.Turk J Gastroenterol. 2005 Dec; 16(4):207-11.TJ
Sigmoidoscopy is performed more frequently than colonoscopy, especially for screening purposes and searching for colorectal neoplasm. The necessity of colonoscopy in patients with an adenoma of<or=5 mm found on sigmoidoscopy is controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the size of rectosigmoid adenomas is associated with the risk of neoplasm in the proximal colon and to determine whether there is indication for total colonoscopy.
Patients found to have rectosigmoid adenomatous polyps on colonoscopy were included in the study. These adenomas were grouped as diminutive (<or=5 mm), small (6-10 mm) or large (>or=11 mm) polyps. These groups were compared regarding the presence of proximal adenoma and advanced proximal neoplasia (>10 mm adenoma and/or villous histology and/or high grade dysplasia or cancer). Polyps found in the rectum and sigmoid colon were considered as distal polyps and polyps other than these were considered as proximal polyps.
In this study, of 1124 consecutive patients who underwent colonoscopy between April 1997 and January 2002, 184 (16%) had 258 adenomatous polyps in the rectosigmoid area. The polyps were diminutive (<or=5 mm) in 105, small (6-10 mm) in 46 and large (>or=11 mm) in 33 patients. Forty-one of the patients (39%) with diminutive polyps, 20 of the patients (43%) with small polyps and 19 of the patients (57%) with large polyps had neoplasm in the proximal bowel. In these patients, advanced proximal neoplasm was found in 8 (8%), in 6 (13%) and in 11 (33%), respectively. There was no difference regarding the presence of neoplasm in the proximal colon between these groups. The rate of advanced proximal neoplasm was found to be significantly higher in the group with large polyps in the rectosigmoid area than in the groups with small and diminutive polyps (p<0.05). In 104 patients (57%) with polyp(s) in rectum and sigmoid colon, no associated polyp or cancer was encountered in the proximal colon.
Colonoscopy is indicated when adenomatous polyp, regardless of size, is found on rectosigmoidoscopy performed because of symptoms.