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Should sex-specific norms be used to assess attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder or oppositional defiant disorder?
J Consult Clin Psychol. 2006 Feb; 74(1):179-85.JC

Abstract

The authors investigated whether sex-specific norms should be used to assess symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) in girls. It was hypothesized that (a) there would be a group of girls who exhibit ADHD or ODD symptoms using sex-specific norms but not using Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.; DSM-IV; American Psychiatric Association, 1994) criteria; (b) these girls would be significantly impaired relative to typically developing girls. These hypotheses were examined using behavior ratings completed by mothers and teachers of 1,491 elementary school students. Results showed that there was a small group of girls who did not meet DSM-IV criteria for ADHD or ODD but who had elevated ADHD and ODD scores when sex-specific norms were used. The same was not true for boys. The girls identified with sex-specific norms were more impaired than other girls. These results suggest that there may be a small number of girls who have behaviors and impairment that are consistent with ADHD and ODD, but they are not currently being identified by DSM-IV criteria.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada. dw35@buffalo.eduNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16551155

Citation

Waschbusch, Daniel A., and Sara King. "Should Sex-specific Norms Be Used to Assess Attention-deficit/hyperactivity Disorder or Oppositional Defiant Disorder?" Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, vol. 74, no. 1, 2006, pp. 179-85.
Waschbusch DA, King S. Should sex-specific norms be used to assess attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder or oppositional defiant disorder? J Consult Clin Psychol. 2006;74(1):179-85.
Waschbusch, D. A., & King, S. (2006). Should sex-specific norms be used to assess attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder or oppositional defiant disorder? Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 74(1), 179-85.
Waschbusch DA, King S. Should Sex-specific Norms Be Used to Assess Attention-deficit/hyperactivity Disorder or Oppositional Defiant Disorder. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2006;74(1):179-85. PubMed PMID: 16551155.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Should sex-specific norms be used to assess attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder or oppositional defiant disorder? AU - Waschbusch,Daniel A, AU - King,Sara, PY - 2006/3/23/pubmed PY - 2006/6/22/medline PY - 2006/3/23/entrez SP - 179 EP - 85 JF - Journal of consulting and clinical psychology JO - J Consult Clin Psychol VL - 74 IS - 1 N2 - The authors investigated whether sex-specific norms should be used to assess symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) in girls. It was hypothesized that (a) there would be a group of girls who exhibit ADHD or ODD symptoms using sex-specific norms but not using Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.; DSM-IV; American Psychiatric Association, 1994) criteria; (b) these girls would be significantly impaired relative to typically developing girls. These hypotheses were examined using behavior ratings completed by mothers and teachers of 1,491 elementary school students. Results showed that there was a small group of girls who did not meet DSM-IV criteria for ADHD or ODD but who had elevated ADHD and ODD scores when sex-specific norms were used. The same was not true for boys. The girls identified with sex-specific norms were more impaired than other girls. These results suggest that there may be a small number of girls who have behaviors and impairment that are consistent with ADHD and ODD, but they are not currently being identified by DSM-IV criteria. SN - 0022-006X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16551155/Should_sex_specific_norms_be_used_to_assess_attention_deficit/hyperactivity_disorder_or_oppositional_defiant_disorder L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/ccp/74/1/179 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -