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Health risks at the Hajj.
Lancet. 2006 Mar 25; 367(9515):1008-15.Lct

Abstract

Annually, millions of Muslims embark on a religious pilgrimage called the "Hajj" to Mecca in Saudi Arabia. The mass migration during the Hajj is unparalleled in scale, and pilgrims face numerous health hazards. The extreme congestion of people and vehicles during this time amplifies health risks, such as those from infectious diseases, that vary each year. Since the Hajj is dictated by the lunar calendar, which is shorter than the Gregorian calendar, it presents public-health policy planners with a moving target, demanding constant preparedness. We review the communicable and non-communicable hazards that pilgrims face. With the rise in global travel, preventing disease transmission has become paramount to avoid the spread of infectious diseases, including SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome), avian influenza, and haemorrhagic fever. We examine the response of clinicians, the Saudi Ministry of Health, and Hajj authorities to these unique problems, and list health recommendations for prospective pilgrims.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16564364

Citation

Ahmed, Qanta A., et al. "Health Risks at the Hajj." Lancet (London, England), vol. 367, no. 9515, 2006, pp. 1008-15.
Ahmed QA, Arabi YM, Memish ZA. Health risks at the Hajj. Lancet. 2006;367(9515):1008-15.
Ahmed, Q. A., Arabi, Y. M., & Memish, Z. A. (2006). Health risks at the Hajj. Lancet (London, England), 367(9515), 1008-15.
Ahmed QA, Arabi YM, Memish ZA. Health Risks at the Hajj. Lancet. 2006 Mar 25;367(9515):1008-15. PubMed PMID: 16564364.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Health risks at the Hajj. AU - Ahmed,Qanta A, AU - Arabi,Yaseen M, AU - Memish,Ziad A, PY - 2006/3/28/pubmed PY - 2006/4/14/medline PY - 2006/3/28/entrez SP - 1008 EP - 15 JF - Lancet (London, England) JO - Lancet VL - 367 IS - 9515 N2 - Annually, millions of Muslims embark on a religious pilgrimage called the "Hajj" to Mecca in Saudi Arabia. The mass migration during the Hajj is unparalleled in scale, and pilgrims face numerous health hazards. The extreme congestion of people and vehicles during this time amplifies health risks, such as those from infectious diseases, that vary each year. Since the Hajj is dictated by the lunar calendar, which is shorter than the Gregorian calendar, it presents public-health policy planners with a moving target, demanding constant preparedness. We review the communicable and non-communicable hazards that pilgrims face. With the rise in global travel, preventing disease transmission has become paramount to avoid the spread of infectious diseases, including SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome), avian influenza, and haemorrhagic fever. We examine the response of clinicians, the Saudi Ministry of Health, and Hajj authorities to these unique problems, and list health recommendations for prospective pilgrims. SN - 1474-547X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16564364/Health_risks_at_the_Hajj_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0140-6736(06)68429-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -