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Sleep habits and risk factors for sleep-disordered breathing in infants and young toddlers in Louisville, Kentucky.
Sleep Med. 2006 Apr; 7(3):211-9.SM

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

Snoring affects biobehavioral development among preschool and early school-age children. The goals of the present study were to survey the parents of a large community sample of infants and young toddlers to evaluate (a) naturalistic sleep duration and location; (b) snoring prevalence; and (c) demographic measures and sleep behaviors related to the presence of snoring either 2 or >or=3 days/week.

METHODS

Questionnaires were completed by parents of children ages 2 weeks to 2 years attending well-baby checkups and were also mailed to the homes of six-month-old infants.

RESULTS

Data from 944 children were available for analyses. No age differences were reported for total sleep duration, co-sleeping, or snoring. Average daily sleep duration was 12.5+/-1.8h (standard deviation (SD)), with daytime naps accounting for an increased proportion of total sleep duration among younger infants. Co-sleeping was reported by 15% of families. Snoring 2 days/week was reported in 11.8% and> days/week in 5.3% of participants. Survey items indicating risk for sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) clustered into factors related to the child, their environment, and their family; restless sleep was exclusively related to snoring 2 days/week and ethnicity, sweating during sleep, and noisy breathing exclusive to snoring >or=3 days/week.

CONCLUSIONS

Young infants appear to sleep less than currently recommended. Co-sleeping is relatively common and not age-dependent through the first 2 years of life. Items relating to the child's sleep behaviors, environment, and parents' perceptions were predictive of positive report of snoring, with snoring rates consistent with a significant risk for SDB being similar to those reported for older children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, West Virginia University; Morgantown, WV 26506-6040, USA. Hawley.Montgomery-Downs@mail.wvu.eduNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16564742

Citation

Montgomery-Downs, Hawley E., and David Gozal. "Sleep Habits and Risk Factors for Sleep-disordered Breathing in Infants and Young Toddlers in Louisville, Kentucky." Sleep Medicine, vol. 7, no. 3, 2006, pp. 211-9.
Montgomery-Downs HE, Gozal D. Sleep habits and risk factors for sleep-disordered breathing in infants and young toddlers in Louisville, Kentucky. Sleep Med. 2006;7(3):211-9.
Montgomery-Downs, H. E., & Gozal, D. (2006). Sleep habits and risk factors for sleep-disordered breathing in infants and young toddlers in Louisville, Kentucky. Sleep Medicine, 7(3), 211-9.
Montgomery-Downs HE, Gozal D. Sleep Habits and Risk Factors for Sleep-disordered Breathing in Infants and Young Toddlers in Louisville, Kentucky. Sleep Med. 2006;7(3):211-9. PubMed PMID: 16564742.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Sleep habits and risk factors for sleep-disordered breathing in infants and young toddlers in Louisville, Kentucky. AU - Montgomery-Downs,Hawley E, AU - Gozal,David, Y1 - 2006/03/27/ PY - 2005/07/20/received PY - 2005/10/25/revised PY - 2005/11/05/accepted PY - 2006/3/28/pubmed PY - 2006/11/1/medline PY - 2006/3/28/entrez SP - 211 EP - 9 JF - Sleep medicine JO - Sleep Med VL - 7 IS - 3 N2 - INTRODUCTION: Snoring affects biobehavioral development among preschool and early school-age children. The goals of the present study were to survey the parents of a large community sample of infants and young toddlers to evaluate (a) naturalistic sleep duration and location; (b) snoring prevalence; and (c) demographic measures and sleep behaviors related to the presence of snoring either 2 or >or=3 days/week. METHODS: Questionnaires were completed by parents of children ages 2 weeks to 2 years attending well-baby checkups and were also mailed to the homes of six-month-old infants. RESULTS: Data from 944 children were available for analyses. No age differences were reported for total sleep duration, co-sleeping, or snoring. Average daily sleep duration was 12.5+/-1.8h (standard deviation (SD)), with daytime naps accounting for an increased proportion of total sleep duration among younger infants. Co-sleeping was reported by 15% of families. Snoring 2 days/week was reported in 11.8% and> days/week in 5.3% of participants. Survey items indicating risk for sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) clustered into factors related to the child, their environment, and their family; restless sleep was exclusively related to snoring 2 days/week and ethnicity, sweating during sleep, and noisy breathing exclusive to snoring >or=3 days/week. CONCLUSIONS: Young infants appear to sleep less than currently recommended. Co-sleeping is relatively common and not age-dependent through the first 2 years of life. Items relating to the child's sleep behaviors, environment, and parents' perceptions were predictive of positive report of snoring, with snoring rates consistent with a significant risk for SDB being similar to those reported for older children. SN - 1389-9457 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16564742/Sleep_habits_and_risk_factors_for_sleep_disordered_breathing_in_infants_and_young_toddlers_in_Louisville_Kentucky_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1389-9457(05)00268-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -