Distribution and genetic variation of Reticulitermes (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) in Portugal.Heredity (Edinb). 2006 May; 96(5):403-9.H
The genus Reticulitermes has a Holartic distribution and is widely represented in southern Europe. It is established in Portugal, across the full range of ambient environmental conditions, using different types of wood resources, as available, and nesting ubiquitously in many types of soil. Sequencing of part of the mtDNA COII gene revealed that all the specimens sampled on a north-south transect of the country were Reticulitermes grassei (considered synonymous with R. lucifugus grassei). Nevertheless, an association between the genetic and the geographical distances of sampled specimens was shown, leading to the conclusion that discrete termite populations have differentiated in situ. The geographic component of the genetic polymorphism should be the subject for further research.