Incorporation into liver microsomal lipids of linoleic and stearic acids and of their respective products of delta 6 and delta 9 desaturation, gamma-linolenic and oleic acids: effect of age and of blackcurrant seed oil.Biochim Biophys Acta. 1991 Nov 05; 1086(2):230-6.BB
The incorporation of [1-14C]linoleic and [1-14C]stearic acid and of their delta 6 and delta 9 desaturation products (gamma-linolenic and oleic acids, respectively) into different classes of lipids was studied in liver microsomes of rats in function of the diet (blackcurrant seed oil diet, containing gamma-linolenic acid, versus control diet) and in function of age (3, 6 and 9 months). After delta 6 desaturation, total radioactivity was distributed between phospholipids, especially phosphatidylcholine, and neutral lipids. The desaturation product, gamma-linolenic acid, was totally recovered in the phospholipid fraction. Blackcurrant seed oil, which decreased the rate of delta 6 desaturation in 6- and 9-month-old rats, also decreased the incorporation of radioactivity in total phospholipids, especially in phosphatidylcholine. At 6 months of age, after delta 9 desaturation, the majority of radioactivity was recovered in neutral lipids principally as oleic acid, the desaturation product. The precursor, stearic acid, was highly incorporated into phospholipids, especially in rats on a diet of blackcurrant seed oil.