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Racial and ethnic differences in secular trends for childhood BMI, weight, and height.
Obesity (Silver Spring) 2006; 14(2):301-8O

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

The prevalence of childhood overweight in the United States has markedly increased over the last 30 years. We examined differences in the secular trends for BMI, weight, and height among white, black, and Mexican-American children.

RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES

Analyses were based on nationally representative data collected from 2 to 17 year olds in four examinations (1971-1974 through 1999-2002).

RESULTS

Overall, black children experienced much larger secular increases in BMI, weight, and height than did white children. For example, over the 30-year period, the prevalence of overweight increased approximately 3-fold (4% to 13%) among 6- to 11-year-old white children but 5-fold (4% to 20%) among black children. In most sex-age groups, Mexican-American children experienced increases in BMI and overweight that were between those experienced by blacks and whites. Race/ethnicity differences were less marked among 2 to 5 year olds, and in this age group, white children experienced the largest increase in overweight (from 4% to 9%). In 1999-2002, the prevalence of extreme BMI levels (> or =99th percentile) reached 6% to 7% among black girls and Mexican-American boys.

DISCUSSION

Because of the strong tracking of childhood BMI levels into adulthood, it is likely that the secular increases in childhood overweight will greatly increase the burden of adult disease. The further development of obesity interventions in different racial/ethnic groups should be emphasized.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA. DFreedman@CDC.govNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16571857

Citation

Freedman, David S., et al. "Racial and Ethnic Differences in Secular Trends for Childhood BMI, Weight, and Height." Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.), vol. 14, no. 2, 2006, pp. 301-8.
Freedman DS, Khan LK, Serdula MK, et al. Racial and ethnic differences in secular trends for childhood BMI, weight, and height. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2006;14(2):301-8.
Freedman, D. S., Khan, L. K., Serdula, M. K., Ogden, C. L., & Dietz, W. H. (2006). Racial and ethnic differences in secular trends for childhood BMI, weight, and height. Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.), 14(2), pp. 301-8.
Freedman DS, et al. Racial and Ethnic Differences in Secular Trends for Childhood BMI, Weight, and Height. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2006;14(2):301-8. PubMed PMID: 16571857.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Racial and ethnic differences in secular trends for childhood BMI, weight, and height. AU - Freedman,David S, AU - Khan,Laura Kettel, AU - Serdula,Mary K, AU - Ogden,Cynthia L, AU - Dietz,William H, PY - 2006/3/31/pubmed PY - 2006/9/6/medline PY - 2006/3/31/entrez SP - 301 EP - 8 JF - Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.) JO - Obesity (Silver Spring) VL - 14 IS - 2 N2 - OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of childhood overweight in the United States has markedly increased over the last 30 years. We examined differences in the secular trends for BMI, weight, and height among white, black, and Mexican-American children. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Analyses were based on nationally representative data collected from 2 to 17 year olds in four examinations (1971-1974 through 1999-2002). RESULTS: Overall, black children experienced much larger secular increases in BMI, weight, and height than did white children. For example, over the 30-year period, the prevalence of overweight increased approximately 3-fold (4% to 13%) among 6- to 11-year-old white children but 5-fold (4% to 20%) among black children. In most sex-age groups, Mexican-American children experienced increases in BMI and overweight that were between those experienced by blacks and whites. Race/ethnicity differences were less marked among 2 to 5 year olds, and in this age group, white children experienced the largest increase in overweight (from 4% to 9%). In 1999-2002, the prevalence of extreme BMI levels (> or =99th percentile) reached 6% to 7% among black girls and Mexican-American boys. DISCUSSION: Because of the strong tracking of childhood BMI levels into adulthood, it is likely that the secular increases in childhood overweight will greatly increase the burden of adult disease. The further development of obesity interventions in different racial/ethnic groups should be emphasized. SN - 1930-7381 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16571857/Racial_and_ethnic_differences_in_secular_trends_for_childhood_BMI_weight_and_height_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2006.39 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -