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Prevalence of osteoporosis in Thai men.
J Med Assoc Thai 2006; 89(2):160-9JM

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Osteoporosis is a growing health problem not only in women but also in men. However, there is a scarcity of epidemiologic data to study osteoporosis in Thai men.

OBJECTIVES

To examine the bone mineral density (BMD) and to determine the prevalence of osteoporosis in Thai men.

MATERIAL AND METHOD

A total of 412 men (159 from Bangkok and 253 from Khon Kaen, respectively) averaging 51 +/- 16 years of age, were measured for BMD at the femoral neck and lumbar spine by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (LUNAR Corporation, WI, USA).

RESULTS

The peak BMD was observed in men 20-29 years of age at both the femoral neck (mean +/- SD, 1.10 +/- 0.15 g/cm2) and lumbar spine (mean +/- SD, 1.17 +/- 0.13 g/cm2). The prevalence of osteoporosis in the entire group of subjects was 12.6, 4.6 and 3.9 per cent at the femoral neck, lumbar spine and both sites, respectively. The prevalence of osteoporosis increased with advancing age and was significantly higher at the femoral neck in urban men than rural men (18.2 vs 9.2 per cent, p < 0.05) but comparable at the lumbar spine (5.0 vs 4.3 per cent, p = 0.81). The correlation between femoral neck and lumbar spine BMDs was 0.53 (p < 0.001). In univariate analysis, increased age, lower weight and lesser height were each associated with lower femoral neck BMD, whereas only lower weight and lesser height were associated with lower lumbar spine BMD. However, when the three factors were entered simultaneously, only increased age and lower weight were significantly associated with lower femoral neck BMD and only lower weight had a significant association with lower lumbar spine BMD.

CONCLUSION

The present study demonstrated descriptive BMD data, normal BMD reference values for diagnosis and reported the prevalence of osteoporosis in Thai men.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002, Thailand. pchatl@kku.ac.thNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16579001

Citation

Pongchaiyakul, Chatlert, et al. "Prevalence of Osteoporosis in Thai Men." Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet Thangphaet, vol. 89, no. 2, 2006, pp. 160-9.
Pongchaiyakul C, Apinyanurag C, Soontrapa S, et al. Prevalence of osteoporosis in Thai men. J Med Assoc Thai. 2006;89(2):160-9.
Pongchaiyakul, C., Apinyanurag, C., Soontrapa, S., Soontrapa, S., Pongchaiyakul, C., Nguyen, T. V., & Rajatanavin, R. (2006). Prevalence of osteoporosis in Thai men. Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet Thangphaet, 89(2), pp. 160-9.
Pongchaiyakul C, et al. Prevalence of Osteoporosis in Thai Men. J Med Assoc Thai. 2006;89(2):160-9. PubMed PMID: 16579001.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of osteoporosis in Thai men. AU - Pongchaiyakul,Chatlert, AU - Apinyanurag,Chalermchai, AU - Soontrapa,Supasil, AU - Soontrapa,Sugree, AU - Pongchaiyakul,Choowong, AU - Nguyen,Tuan V, AU - Rajatanavin,Rajata, PY - 2006/4/4/pubmed PY - 2006/4/28/medline PY - 2006/4/4/entrez SP - 160 EP - 9 JF - Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet JO - J Med Assoc Thai VL - 89 IS - 2 N2 - BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is a growing health problem not only in women but also in men. However, there is a scarcity of epidemiologic data to study osteoporosis in Thai men. OBJECTIVES: To examine the bone mineral density (BMD) and to determine the prevalence of osteoporosis in Thai men. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A total of 412 men (159 from Bangkok and 253 from Khon Kaen, respectively) averaging 51 +/- 16 years of age, were measured for BMD at the femoral neck and lumbar spine by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (LUNAR Corporation, WI, USA). RESULTS: The peak BMD was observed in men 20-29 years of age at both the femoral neck (mean +/- SD, 1.10 +/- 0.15 g/cm2) and lumbar spine (mean +/- SD, 1.17 +/- 0.13 g/cm2). The prevalence of osteoporosis in the entire group of subjects was 12.6, 4.6 and 3.9 per cent at the femoral neck, lumbar spine and both sites, respectively. The prevalence of osteoporosis increased with advancing age and was significantly higher at the femoral neck in urban men than rural men (18.2 vs 9.2 per cent, p < 0.05) but comparable at the lumbar spine (5.0 vs 4.3 per cent, p = 0.81). The correlation between femoral neck and lumbar spine BMDs was 0.53 (p < 0.001). In univariate analysis, increased age, lower weight and lesser height were each associated with lower femoral neck BMD, whereas only lower weight and lesser height were associated with lower lumbar spine BMD. However, when the three factors were entered simultaneously, only increased age and lower weight were significantly associated with lower femoral neck BMD and only lower weight had a significant association with lower lumbar spine BMD. CONCLUSION: The present study demonstrated descriptive BMD data, normal BMD reference values for diagnosis and reported the prevalence of osteoporosis in Thai men. SN - 0125-2208 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16579001/Prevalence_of_osteoporosis_in_Thai_men_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/9059 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -