[Cow's milk allergy: guidelines for the diagnostic evaluation].Klin Padiatr 2007 Jul-Aug; 219(4):201-5KP
About 2% of the general population and up to 6% of children suffer from food allergy. Cow's milk is charged with a important role in infancy after weaning, since conventional formula are based on its procession. IgE-mediated and Non-IgE- mediated allergic reactions, which are different in manifestation and pathogenesis, can be distinguished. A special role play the exacerbation of atopic dermatitis and the gastrointestinal-food-hypersensitivity-reactions. Skin-prick-test and determination of specific IgE are important diagnostic tools beside medical history. The golden standard of diagnosis is the double-blind-placebo-controlled-food- challenge. The clear result from food-challenge allows to verify suspected food allergies or, on the other hand, to avoid unnecessary diets. Extensively-hydrolysed-formula or Amino-acidformula are a high nutritional value alternative in case of proved cow's milk allergy in infancy.