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Severity of dependence and motivation for treatment: comparison of marijuana- and cocaine-dependent treatment seekers.
J Addict Dis 2006; 25(1):33-41JA

Abstract

Although marijuana dependence is prevalent, most individuals with marijuana dependence do not seek treatment. There are few data characterizing treatment seeking marijuana-dependent patients compared to patients presenting for treatment of other drugs regarding the severity of illness and motivation for treatment. Forty-two marijuana-dependent individuals were compared to 58 cocaine-dependent individuals seeking treatment. Compared to cocaine-dependent patients, those with marijuana dependence were younger and less likely to be dependent on alcohol or other drugs. Both groups had similar rates of comorbid anxiety and affective disorders. Marijuana-dependent individuals had lower total number of dependence symptoms but had a higher percentage of individuals endorsing withdrawal symptoms. Although marijuana-dependent individuals had less outpatient treatment exposure, the difference between the two groups was not significant and motivation for change, based on the University of Rhode Island Change Assessment, was similar for both groups of treatment seekers. However, the Circumstances, Motivation, Readiness for Treatment Scale suggested that cocaine-dependent individuals were more motivated for treatment. Taken together, these data suggest that treatment seeking marijuana-dependent individuals have substantial withdrawal dependence symptomatology although it is less clear if they are as motivated to seek out treatment as cocaine-dependent treatment seekers.

Authors+Show Affiliations

New York State Psychiatric Institute and Department of Psychiatry, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, 1051 Riverside Drive, Unit 66, New York, NY 10032, USA. frl2@columbia.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16597571

Citation

Levin, Frances R., et al. "Severity of Dependence and Motivation for Treatment: Comparison of Marijuana- and Cocaine-dependent Treatment Seekers." Journal of Addictive Diseases, vol. 25, no. 1, 2006, pp. 33-41.
Levin FR, Brooks DJ, Bisaga A, et al. Severity of dependence and motivation for treatment: comparison of marijuana- and cocaine-dependent treatment seekers. J Addict Dis. 2006;25(1):33-41.
Levin, F. R., Brooks, D. J., Bisaga, A., Raby, W., Rubin, E., Aharonovich, E., & Nunes, E. V. (2006). Severity of dependence and motivation for treatment: comparison of marijuana- and cocaine-dependent treatment seekers. Journal of Addictive Diseases, 25(1), pp. 33-41.
Levin FR, et al. Severity of Dependence and Motivation for Treatment: Comparison of Marijuana- and Cocaine-dependent Treatment Seekers. J Addict Dis. 2006;25(1):33-41. PubMed PMID: 16597571.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Severity of dependence and motivation for treatment: comparison of marijuana- and cocaine-dependent treatment seekers. AU - Levin,Frances R, AU - Brooks,Daniel J, AU - Bisaga,Adam, AU - Raby,Wilfred, AU - Rubin,Eric, AU - Aharonovich,Efrat, AU - Nunes,Edward V, PY - 2006/4/7/pubmed PY - 2006/9/1/medline PY - 2006/4/7/entrez SP - 33 EP - 41 JF - Journal of addictive diseases JO - J Addict Dis VL - 25 IS - 1 N2 - Although marijuana dependence is prevalent, most individuals with marijuana dependence do not seek treatment. There are few data characterizing treatment seeking marijuana-dependent patients compared to patients presenting for treatment of other drugs regarding the severity of illness and motivation for treatment. Forty-two marijuana-dependent individuals were compared to 58 cocaine-dependent individuals seeking treatment. Compared to cocaine-dependent patients, those with marijuana dependence were younger and less likely to be dependent on alcohol or other drugs. Both groups had similar rates of comorbid anxiety and affective disorders. Marijuana-dependent individuals had lower total number of dependence symptoms but had a higher percentage of individuals endorsing withdrawal symptoms. Although marijuana-dependent individuals had less outpatient treatment exposure, the difference between the two groups was not significant and motivation for change, based on the University of Rhode Island Change Assessment, was similar for both groups of treatment seekers. However, the Circumstances, Motivation, Readiness for Treatment Scale suggested that cocaine-dependent individuals were more motivated for treatment. Taken together, these data suggest that treatment seeking marijuana-dependent individuals have substantial withdrawal dependence symptomatology although it is less clear if they are as motivated to seek out treatment as cocaine-dependent treatment seekers. SN - 1055-0887 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16597571/Severity_of_dependence_and_motivation_for_treatment:_comparison_of_marijuana__and_cocaine_dependent_treatment_seekers_ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1300/J069v25n01_06 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -