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The time course of emotional responses to music.
Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2005 Dec; 1060:429-37.AN

Abstract

Two empirical studies investigate the time course of emotional responses to music. In the first one, musically trained and untrained listeners were required to listen to 27 musical excerpts and to group those that conveyed a similar emotional meaning. In one condition, the excerpts were 25 seconds long on average. In the other condition, excerpts were as short as 1 second. The groupings were then transformed into a matrix of emotional dissimilarity that was analyzed with multidimensional scaling methods (MDS). We compared the outcome of these analyses for the 25-s and 1-s duration conditions. In the second study, we presented musical excerpts of increasing duration, varying from 250 to 20 seconds. Participants were requested to evaluate on a subjective scale how "moving" each excerpt was. On the basis of the responses given for the longer duration, excerpts were then sorted into two groups: highly moving and weakly (or less) moving. The main purpose of the analysis was to identify the point in time where these two categories of excerpts started to be differentiated by participants. Both studies provide consistent findings that less than 1 s of music is enough to instill elaborated emotional responses in listeners.

Authors+Show Affiliations

LEAD-CNRS, 2, Esplanade Erasme, Pole AAFE, Université de Bourgogne. F-21000 Dijon, France. bigand@u-bourgogne.frNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16597797

Citation

Bigand, Emmanuel, et al. "The Time Course of Emotional Responses to Music." Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol. 1060, 2005, pp. 429-37.
Bigand E, Filipic S, Lalitte P. The time course of emotional responses to music. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2005;1060:429-37.
Bigand, E., Filipic, S., & Lalitte, P. (2005). The time course of emotional responses to music. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1060, 429-37.
Bigand E, Filipic S, Lalitte P. The Time Course of Emotional Responses to Music. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2005;1060:429-37. PubMed PMID: 16597797.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The time course of emotional responses to music. AU - Bigand,Emmanuel, AU - Filipic,Suzanne, AU - Lalitte,Philippe, PY - 2006/4/7/pubmed PY - 2006/9/26/medline PY - 2006/4/7/entrez SP - 429 EP - 37 JF - Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences JO - Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. VL - 1060 N2 - Two empirical studies investigate the time course of emotional responses to music. In the first one, musically trained and untrained listeners were required to listen to 27 musical excerpts and to group those that conveyed a similar emotional meaning. In one condition, the excerpts were 25 seconds long on average. In the other condition, excerpts were as short as 1 second. The groupings were then transformed into a matrix of emotional dissimilarity that was analyzed with multidimensional scaling methods (MDS). We compared the outcome of these analyses for the 25-s and 1-s duration conditions. In the second study, we presented musical excerpts of increasing duration, varying from 250 to 20 seconds. Participants were requested to evaluate on a subjective scale how "moving" each excerpt was. On the basis of the responses given for the longer duration, excerpts were then sorted into two groups: highly moving and weakly (or less) moving. The main purpose of the analysis was to identify the point in time where these two categories of excerpts started to be differentiated by participants. Both studies provide consistent findings that less than 1 s of music is enough to instill elaborated emotional responses in listeners. SN - 0077-8923 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16597797/The_time_course_of_emotional_responses_to_music_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1196/annals.1360.036 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -