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Examining the role of parental frightened/frightening subtypes in predicting disorganized attachment within a brief observational procedure.
Dev Psychopathol. 2006 Spring; 18(2):345-61.DP

Abstract

Following Main and Hesse's hypothesis, several investigators have affirmed that frightened/frightening (FR) as well as particular atypical maternal behaviors are associated with infant disorganized and adult unresolved attachment. Here, for the first time, FR behavior was observed in (a) middle-class father-infant (n = 25) and independent mother-infant dyads (n = 50) and (b) a brief laboratory play session. In addition, relations between disorganization, unresolved attachment, and the six FR system subscales were explored. Paternal and maternal overall FR behavior was related to infant disorganization (n = 75, phi = .61, p < .001), and for a subsample where Adult Attachment Interviews were available (n = 32), to unresolved adult attachment (phi = .59, p < .001). At the subscale level, disorganized-FR behaviors were related to infant disorganization, but only for mother-infant dyads. Across the whole sample, both dissociative-FR and threatening-FR subscales were associated with infant disorganization. The dissociative-FR subscale emerged as the central predictor of infant disorganization and was the only subscale significantly related to unresolved attachment. The appearance of FR behavior in this 18-min play procedure suggests that FR probably occurs more frequently than previously suspected. The possible role of dissociative processes in unresolved adult attachment, disorganized attachment, and FR parental behavior is discussed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16600058

Citation

Abrams, Kelley Yost, et al. "Examining the Role of Parental Frightened/frightening Subtypes in Predicting Disorganized Attachment Within a Brief Observational Procedure." Development and Psychopathology, vol. 18, no. 2, 2006, pp. 345-61.
Abrams KY, Rifkin A, Hesse E. Examining the role of parental frightened/frightening subtypes in predicting disorganized attachment within a brief observational procedure. Dev Psychopathol. 2006;18(2):345-61.
Abrams, K. Y., Rifkin, A., & Hesse, E. (2006). Examining the role of parental frightened/frightening subtypes in predicting disorganized attachment within a brief observational procedure. Development and Psychopathology, 18(2), 345-61.
Abrams KY, Rifkin A, Hesse E. Examining the Role of Parental Frightened/frightening Subtypes in Predicting Disorganized Attachment Within a Brief Observational Procedure. Dev Psychopathol. 2006;18(2):345-61. PubMed PMID: 16600058.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Examining the role of parental frightened/frightening subtypes in predicting disorganized attachment within a brief observational procedure. AU - Abrams,Kelley Yost, AU - Rifkin,Anne, AU - Hesse,Erik, PY - 2006/4/8/pubmed PY - 2006/11/15/medline PY - 2006/4/8/entrez SP - 345 EP - 61 JF - Development and psychopathology JO - Dev. Psychopathol. VL - 18 IS - 2 N2 - Following Main and Hesse's hypothesis, several investigators have affirmed that frightened/frightening (FR) as well as particular atypical maternal behaviors are associated with infant disorganized and adult unresolved attachment. Here, for the first time, FR behavior was observed in (a) middle-class father-infant (n = 25) and independent mother-infant dyads (n = 50) and (b) a brief laboratory play session. In addition, relations between disorganization, unresolved attachment, and the six FR system subscales were explored. Paternal and maternal overall FR behavior was related to infant disorganization (n = 75, phi = .61, p < .001), and for a subsample where Adult Attachment Interviews were available (n = 32), to unresolved adult attachment (phi = .59, p < .001). At the subscale level, disorganized-FR behaviors were related to infant disorganization, but only for mother-infant dyads. Across the whole sample, both dissociative-FR and threatening-FR subscales were associated with infant disorganization. The dissociative-FR subscale emerged as the central predictor of infant disorganization and was the only subscale significantly related to unresolved attachment. The appearance of FR behavior in this 18-min play procedure suggests that FR probably occurs more frequently than previously suspected. The possible role of dissociative processes in unresolved adult attachment, disorganized attachment, and FR parental behavior is discussed. SN - 0954-5794 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16600058/Examining_the_role_of_parental_frightened/frightening_subtypes_in_predicting_disorganized_attachment_within_a_brief_observational_procedure_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0954579406060184/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -