Epstein-Barr nuclear antigen 1 mediates a DNA loop within the latent replication origin of Epstein-Barr virus.Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1991 Dec 01; 88(23):10875-9.PN
Epstein-Barr virus-encoded nuclear antigen 1 (EBNA-1) binds and activates the viral latent origin of DNA replication, oriP. We have used electron microscopy to examine the assembly of EBNA-1 onto oriP. The oriP region consists of two essential elements separated by approximately 1 kilobase pair of DNA. One element contains 20 tandom EBNA-1 binding sites [called the family of repeats (FR)] and serves to activate initiation of replication at the dyad symmetry (DS) element, which contains 4 EBNA-1 binding sites. Titration of homogeneous EBNA-1 produced in baculovirus (bEBNA-1) onto oriP DNA showed an order to the assembly of bEBNA-1 onto oriP. At low concentrations, bEBNA-1 was located exclusively on the FR element. As the level of bEBNA-1 was raised, a loop between the FR and DS elements became the most prevalent DNA-protein complex. These data suggest protein-mediated DNA looping may play a role in activating latent-phase replication of the Epstein-Barr virus.