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The influence of iron status on iodine utilization and thyroid function.

Abstract

Despite significant progress, deficiencies of iron and iodine remain major public health problems affecting > or =30% of the global population. These deficiencies often coexist in children. Recent studies have demonstrated that a high prevalence of iron deficiency among children in areas of endemic goiter may reduce the effectiveness of iodized salt programs. These findings argue strongly for improving iron status in areas of overlapping deficiency, not only to combat anemia but also to increase the efficacy of iodine prophylaxis. The dual fortification of salt with iodine and iron may prove to be an effective and sustainable method to accomplish these important goals.

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  • Authors

    Source

    Annual review of nutrition 26: 2006 pg 367-89

    MeSH

    Anemia, Iron-Deficiency
    Animals
    Drug Combinations
    Drug Synergism
    Food, Fortified
    Humans
    Iodine
    Iron
    Public Health
    Sodium Chloride, Dietary
    Thyroid Gland

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    16602928

    Citation

    TY - JOUR T1 - The influence of iron status on iodine utilization and thyroid function. A1 - Zimmermann,Michael B, PY - 2006/4/11/pubmed PY - 2006/10/13/medline PY - 2006/4/11/entrez SP - 367 EP - 89 JF - Annual review of nutrition JO - Annu. Rev. Nutr. VL - 26 N2 - Despite significant progress, deficiencies of iron and iodine remain major public health problems affecting > or =30% of the global population. These deficiencies often coexist in children. Recent studies have demonstrated that a high prevalence of iron deficiency among children in areas of endemic goiter may reduce the effectiveness of iodized salt programs. These findings argue strongly for improving iron status in areas of overlapping deficiency, not only to combat anemia but also to increase the efficacy of iodine prophylaxis. The dual fortification of salt with iodine and iron may prove to be an effective and sustainable method to accomplish these important goals. SN - 0199-9885 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16602928/full_citation L2 - http://arjournals.annualreviews.org/doi/full/10.1146/annurev.nutr.26.061505.111236?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed ER -