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Direct excitation of deep dorsal horn neurones in the rat spinal cord by the activation of postsynaptic P2X receptors.
J Physiol. 2006 Jun 15; 573(Pt 3):753-63.JP

Abstract

ATP mediates somatosensory transmission in the spinal cord through the activation of P2X receptors. Nonetheless, the functional significance of postsynaptic P2X receptors in spinal deep dorsal horn neurones is still not yet well understood. Using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique, we investigated whether the activation of postsynaptic P2X receptors can modulate the synaptic transmission in lamina V neurones of postnatal day (P) 9-12 spinal cord slices. At a holding potential of -70 mV, ATPgammaS (100 microm), a nonhydrolysable ATP analogue, generated an inward current, which was resistant to tetrodotoxin (1 microm) in 61% of the lamina V neurones. The ATPgammaS-induced inward current was accompanied by a significant increase in the frequency of glutamatergic miniature excitatory postsynaptic currents (mEPSCs) in the majority of lamina V neurones. The ATPgammaS-induced inward current was not reproduced by P2Y receptor agonists, UTP (100 microm), UDP (100 microm), and 2-methylthio ADP (100 microm), and it was also not affected by the addition of guanosine-5'-O-(2-thiodiphosphate) (GDPbetaS) into the pipette solution, thus suggesting that ionotropic P2X receptors were activated by ATPgammaS instead of metabotropic P2Y receptors. On the other hand, alpha,beta-methylene ATP (100 microm) did not change any membrane current, but instead increased the mEPSC frequency in the majority of lamina V neurones. The ATPgammaS-induced inward current was suppressed by pyridoxalphosphate-6-azophenyl-2',4'-disulphonic acid (PPADS) (10 microm), but not by trinitrophenyl-ATP (TNP-ATP) (1 microm). Furthermore, we found that ATPgammaS (100 microm) produced a clear inward current which was observed in all lamina V neurones over P16 spinal cord slices, in contrast to P9-12. These results indicate that distinct subtypes of P2X receptors were functionally expressed at the post- and presynaptic sites in lamina V neurones, both of which may contribute to the hyperexcitability of lamina V in a different manner. In addition, the data relating to the developmental increase in the functional P2X receptors suggest that purinergic signalling may thus be more common in somatosensory transmission with maturation.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Integrative Physiology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Japan.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16613873

Citation

Shiokawa, Hiroaki, et al. "Direct Excitation of Deep Dorsal Horn Neurones in the Rat Spinal Cord By the Activation of Postsynaptic P2X Receptors." The Journal of Physiology, vol. 573, no. Pt 3, 2006, pp. 753-63.
Shiokawa H, Nakatsuka T, Furue H, et al. Direct excitation of deep dorsal horn neurones in the rat spinal cord by the activation of postsynaptic P2X receptors. J Physiol (Lond). 2006;573(Pt 3):753-63.
Shiokawa, H., Nakatsuka, T., Furue, H., Tsuda, M., Katafuchi, T., Inoue, K., & Yoshimura, M. (2006). Direct excitation of deep dorsal horn neurones in the rat spinal cord by the activation of postsynaptic P2X receptors. The Journal of Physiology, 573(Pt 3), 753-63.
Shiokawa H, et al. Direct Excitation of Deep Dorsal Horn Neurones in the Rat Spinal Cord By the Activation of Postsynaptic P2X Receptors. J Physiol (Lond). 2006 Jun 15;573(Pt 3):753-63. PubMed PMID: 16613873.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Direct excitation of deep dorsal horn neurones in the rat spinal cord by the activation of postsynaptic P2X receptors. AU - Shiokawa,Hiroaki, AU - Nakatsuka,Terumasa, AU - Furue,Hidemasa, AU - Tsuda,Makoto, AU - Katafuchi,Toshihiko, AU - Inoue,Kazuhide, AU - Yoshimura,Megumu, Y1 - 2006/04/13/ PY - 2006/4/15/pubmed PY - 2006/8/19/medline PY - 2006/4/15/entrez SP - 753 EP - 63 JF - The Journal of physiology JO - J. Physiol. (Lond.) VL - 573 IS - Pt 3 N2 - ATP mediates somatosensory transmission in the spinal cord through the activation of P2X receptors. Nonetheless, the functional significance of postsynaptic P2X receptors in spinal deep dorsal horn neurones is still not yet well understood. Using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique, we investigated whether the activation of postsynaptic P2X receptors can modulate the synaptic transmission in lamina V neurones of postnatal day (P) 9-12 spinal cord slices. At a holding potential of -70 mV, ATPgammaS (100 microm), a nonhydrolysable ATP analogue, generated an inward current, which was resistant to tetrodotoxin (1 microm) in 61% of the lamina V neurones. The ATPgammaS-induced inward current was accompanied by a significant increase in the frequency of glutamatergic miniature excitatory postsynaptic currents (mEPSCs) in the majority of lamina V neurones. The ATPgammaS-induced inward current was not reproduced by P2Y receptor agonists, UTP (100 microm), UDP (100 microm), and 2-methylthio ADP (100 microm), and it was also not affected by the addition of guanosine-5'-O-(2-thiodiphosphate) (GDPbetaS) into the pipette solution, thus suggesting that ionotropic P2X receptors were activated by ATPgammaS instead of metabotropic P2Y receptors. On the other hand, alpha,beta-methylene ATP (100 microm) did not change any membrane current, but instead increased the mEPSC frequency in the majority of lamina V neurones. The ATPgammaS-induced inward current was suppressed by pyridoxalphosphate-6-azophenyl-2',4'-disulphonic acid (PPADS) (10 microm), but not by trinitrophenyl-ATP (TNP-ATP) (1 microm). Furthermore, we found that ATPgammaS (100 microm) produced a clear inward current which was observed in all lamina V neurones over P16 spinal cord slices, in contrast to P9-12. These results indicate that distinct subtypes of P2X receptors were functionally expressed at the post- and presynaptic sites in lamina V neurones, both of which may contribute to the hyperexcitability of lamina V in a different manner. In addition, the data relating to the developmental increase in the functional P2X receptors suggest that purinergic signalling may thus be more common in somatosensory transmission with maturation. SN - 0022-3751 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16613873/Direct_excitation_of_deep_dorsal_horn_neurones_in_the_rat_spinal_cord_by_the_activation_of_postsynaptic_P2X_receptors_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1113/jphysiol.2006.108613 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -