Nutrition in patients receiving home care in Finland: tackling the multifactorial problem.J Gerontol Nurs 2006; 32(4):12-7JG
This study describes the nutritional status of Finnish home care patients (n=178), their problems related to eating, digestion, and diet; their use of Meals on Wheels services; and informal caregivers' role in nutritional support. Half of the patients were at risk for malnutrition and 3% were malnourished according to Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) results. Most patients had problems with food intake, which were related to lower MNA scores. One-third of the participants had an unbalanced diet, and approximately half received assistance with shopping and food preparation from an informal caregiver. Home care patients' nutritional status, including all related aspects, such as shopping, food preparation, eating, and digestion, must be evaluated regularly and comprehensively.