Effects of colesevelam hydrochloride on low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein when added to statins in patients with hypercholesterolemia.Am J Cardiol. 2006 Apr 15; 97(8):1198-205.AJ
Elevated high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels are associated with an increased risk of atherosclerotic coronary heart disease (CHD). The addition of the bile acid sequestrants, such as colesevelam hydrochloride (HCl), to statins further reduces low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels. However, the effects of approved cholesterol-lowering bile acid sequestrants on hs-CRP have not previously been reported. Three randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel, 6-week clinical trials of similar design investigated the efficacy of adding colesevelam HCl to stable simvastatin, atorvastatin, or pravastatin treatment in 204 patients with primary hypercholesterolemia. The primary end point was the mean percent change in the LDL cholesterol levels. Secondary end points included the effects on other lipid parameters and hs-CRP levels. A pooled analysis showed that adding colesevelam HCl to statin therapy significantly lowered LDL cholesterol levels (21 mg/dl or 16% mean reduction from baseline, p = 0.0013, and 11 mg/dl or 9% mean reduction compared with placebo, p = 0.0003). Four times as many patients receiving colesevelam HCl plus a statin achieved a LDL cholesterol target of <100 mg/dl compared with patients receiving a statin plus placebo (39% vs 10%, respectively, p <0.0001). The incidence of mild gastrointestinal adverse effects was slightly higher in the colesevelam HCl plus statin group than in the placebo plus statin group. Finally, the differences in the change in hs-CRP levels with colesevelam HCl plus statin therapy were significant compared with the changes with placebo plus statin (median change -23%, p = 0.0069). In conclusion, this is the first report suggesting that an approved cholesterol-lowering bile acid sequestrant, specifically colesevelam HCl, decreases hs-CRP levels when added to statin therapy.