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Detection of depression in women of child-bearing age in non-Western cultures: a comparison of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and the Self-Reporting Questionnaire-20 in Mongolia.
J Affect Disord. 2006 Jun; 92(2-3):267-71.JA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

This study assesses, for the first time, the validity and internal reliability of the Edinburgh Post Natal Depression Scale (EPDS) and the WHO Self-Reporting Questionnaire 20-item version (SRQ-20) in detecting depression in Mongolian women of reproductive age.

METHODS

100 women age recruited from two psychiatric units specialising in depression (n = 55) and three community-based child immunisation clinics (n = 45) in Ulaanbataar, Mongolia, were formally psychiatrically assessed by a clinician and by administering the revised Clinical Interview Schedule (CIS-R). Each woman also completed the EPDS and SRQ-20.

RESULTS

Ninety four women provided complete data and identical optimal cut-off points for both the EPDS (11.5) and SRQ-20 (8.5) were determined against both the psychiatrist's and CIS-R based diagnosis using standard validation parameters. On all parameters the SRQ-20 performed better than the EPDS. The sensitivity of the SRQ-20 in detecting depression was 93% and the specificity 97% against the psychiatrist's diagnosis. Internal reliability was satisfactory.

LIMITATIONS

The use of a mixed clinical and community sample for validation, and a single psychiatrist may limit the generalisability of these results.

CONCLUSIONS

The SRQ-20 performed well and better than the EPDS in detecting depression in this group of Mongolian women.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Health & Social Care, University of the West of England, Bristol, Blackberry Hill, UK. jon.pollock@uwe.ac.ukNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Validation Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16616376

Citation

Pollock, J I., et al. "Detection of Depression in Women of Child-bearing Age in non-Western Cultures: a Comparison of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and the Self-Reporting Questionnaire-20 in Mongolia." Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 92, no. 2-3, 2006, pp. 267-71.
Pollock JI, Manaseki-Holland S, Patel V. Detection of depression in women of child-bearing age in non-Western cultures: a comparison of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and the Self-Reporting Questionnaire-20 in Mongolia. J Affect Disord. 2006;92(2-3):267-71.
Pollock, J. I., Manaseki-Holland, S., & Patel, V. (2006). Detection of depression in women of child-bearing age in non-Western cultures: a comparison of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and the Self-Reporting Questionnaire-20 in Mongolia. Journal of Affective Disorders, 92(2-3), 267-71.
Pollock JI, Manaseki-Holland S, Patel V. Detection of Depression in Women of Child-bearing Age in non-Western Cultures: a Comparison of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and the Self-Reporting Questionnaire-20 in Mongolia. J Affect Disord. 2006;92(2-3):267-71. PubMed PMID: 16616376.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Detection of depression in women of child-bearing age in non-Western cultures: a comparison of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and the Self-Reporting Questionnaire-20 in Mongolia. AU - Pollock,J I, AU - Manaseki-Holland,S, AU - Patel,V, Y1 - 2006/04/17/ PY - 2005/11/22/received PY - 2006/02/24/revised PY - 2006/02/28/accepted PY - 2006/4/18/pubmed PY - 2006/11/1/medline PY - 2006/4/18/entrez SP - 267 EP - 71 JF - Journal of affective disorders JO - J Affect Disord VL - 92 IS - 2-3 N2 - BACKGROUND: This study assesses, for the first time, the validity and internal reliability of the Edinburgh Post Natal Depression Scale (EPDS) and the WHO Self-Reporting Questionnaire 20-item version (SRQ-20) in detecting depression in Mongolian women of reproductive age. METHODS: 100 women age recruited from two psychiatric units specialising in depression (n = 55) and three community-based child immunisation clinics (n = 45) in Ulaanbataar, Mongolia, were formally psychiatrically assessed by a clinician and by administering the revised Clinical Interview Schedule (CIS-R). Each woman also completed the EPDS and SRQ-20. RESULTS: Ninety four women provided complete data and identical optimal cut-off points for both the EPDS (11.5) and SRQ-20 (8.5) were determined against both the psychiatrist's and CIS-R based diagnosis using standard validation parameters. On all parameters the SRQ-20 performed better than the EPDS. The sensitivity of the SRQ-20 in detecting depression was 93% and the specificity 97% against the psychiatrist's diagnosis. Internal reliability was satisfactory. LIMITATIONS: The use of a mixed clinical and community sample for validation, and a single psychiatrist may limit the generalisability of these results. CONCLUSIONS: The SRQ-20 performed well and better than the EPDS in detecting depression in this group of Mongolian women. SN - 0165-0327 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16616376/Detection_of_depression_in_women_of_child_bearing_age_in_non_Western_cultures:_a_comparison_of_the_Edinburgh_Postnatal_Depression_Scale_and_the_Self_Reporting_Questionnaire_20_in_Mongolia_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0165-0327(06)00113-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -