Cyclooxygenase-2 inhibition normalizes arterial blood pressure in CYP1A1-REN2 transgenic rats with inducible ANG II-dependent malignant hypertension.Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2006 Sep; 291(3):F612-8.AJ
The present study was performed to determine the effects of cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 and COX-2 inhibition on blood pressure and renal hemodynamics in transgenic rats with inducible malignant hypertension [strain name: TGR(Cyp1a1Ren2)]. Male Cyp1a1-Ren2 rats (n = 7) were fed a normal diet containing the aryl hydrocarbon, indole-3-carbinol (I3C; 0.3%), for 6-9 days to induce malignant hypertension. Mean arterial pressure (MAP) and renal hemodynamics were measured in pentobarbital sodium-anesthetized Cyp1a1-Ren2 rats during control conditions, following administration of the COX-2 inhibitor nimesulide (3 mg/kg iv), and following administration of the nonspecific COX inhibitor meclofenamate (5 mg/kg iv). Rats induced with I3C had higher MAP than noninduced rats (n = 7; 188 +/- 6 vs. 136 +/- 4 mmHg, P < 0.01). There was no difference in renal plasma flow (RPF) or glomerular filtration rate (GFR) between induced and noninduced rats. Nimesulide elicited a larger decrease in MAP in hypertensive rats (188 +/- 6 to 140 +/- 8 mmHg, P < 0.01) than in normotensive rats (136 +/- 4 to 113 +/- 8 mmHg, P < 0.01). Additionally, nimesulide decreased GFR (0.9 +/- 0.13 to 0.44 +/- 0.05 ml.min(-1).g(-1), P < 0.05) and RPF (2.79 +/- 0.27 to 1.35 +/- 0.14 ml.min(-1).g(-1), P < 0.05) in hypertensive rats but did not alter GFR or RPF in normotensive rats. Meclofenamate further decreased MAP in hypertensive rats (to 115 +/- 10 mmHg, P < 0.05) but did not decrease MAP in normotensive rats. Meclofenamate did not alter GFR or RPF in either group. These findings demonstrate that COX-1- and COX-2-derived prostanoids contribute importantly to the development of malignant hypertension in Cyp1a1-Ren2 transgenic rats. The data also indicate that COX-2-derived vasodilatory metabolites play an important role in the maintenance of RPF and GFR following induction of malignant hypertension in Cyp1a1-Ren2 transgenic rats.