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Innate immune responses in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum) induced by probiotics.
Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2006 Nov; 21(5):513-24.FS

Abstract

Carnobacterium maltaromaticum B26 and Carnobacterium divergens B33, which were isolated from the intestine of healthy rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum), were selected as being potentially useful as probiotics with effectiveness against Aeromonas salmonicida and Yersinia ruckeri. Thus, rainbow trout administered with feed supplemented with B26 or B33 dosed at >10(7) cells g(-1) feed conferred protection against challenge with virulent cultures of the pathogens. Moreover, both cultures persisted in the gut for up to 3 weeks after administration. The cultures enhanced the cellular and humoral immune responses. Specifically, fish fed with B26 demonstrated significantly increased phagocytic activity of the head kidney macrophages, whereas the use of B33 led to significant increases in respiratory burst and serum lysozyme activity. Also, the gut mucosal lysozyme activity for fish fed with both cultures was statistically higher than the controls.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Life Sciences, John Muir Building, Heriot-Watt University, Riccarton, Edinburgh EH14 4AS, Scotland, UK.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16631379

Citation

Kim, Do-Hyung, and Brian Austin. "Innate Immune Responses in Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus Mykiss, Walbaum) Induced By Probiotics." Fish & Shellfish Immunology, vol. 21, no. 5, 2006, pp. 513-24.
Kim DH, Austin B. Innate immune responses in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum) induced by probiotics. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2006;21(5):513-24.
Kim, D. H., & Austin, B. (2006). Innate immune responses in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum) induced by probiotics. Fish & Shellfish Immunology, 21(5), 513-24.
Kim DH, Austin B. Innate Immune Responses in Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus Mykiss, Walbaum) Induced By Probiotics. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2006;21(5):513-24. PubMed PMID: 16631379.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Innate immune responses in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum) induced by probiotics. AU - Kim,Do-Hyung, AU - Austin,Brian, Y1 - 2006/03/02/ PY - 2005/11/28/received PY - 2006/01/30/revised PY - 2006/02/22/accepted PY - 2006/4/25/pubmed PY - 2007/7/31/medline PY - 2006/4/25/entrez SP - 513 EP - 24 JF - Fish & shellfish immunology JO - Fish Shellfish Immunol VL - 21 IS - 5 N2 - Carnobacterium maltaromaticum B26 and Carnobacterium divergens B33, which were isolated from the intestine of healthy rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum), were selected as being potentially useful as probiotics with effectiveness against Aeromonas salmonicida and Yersinia ruckeri. Thus, rainbow trout administered with feed supplemented with B26 or B33 dosed at >10(7) cells g(-1) feed conferred protection against challenge with virulent cultures of the pathogens. Moreover, both cultures persisted in the gut for up to 3 weeks after administration. The cultures enhanced the cellular and humoral immune responses. Specifically, fish fed with B26 demonstrated significantly increased phagocytic activity of the head kidney macrophages, whereas the use of B33 led to significant increases in respiratory burst and serum lysozyme activity. Also, the gut mucosal lysozyme activity for fish fed with both cultures was statistically higher than the controls. SN - 1050-4648 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16631379/Innate_immune_responses_in_rainbow_trout__Oncorhynchus_mykiss_Walbaum__induced_by_probiotics_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1050-4648(06)00020-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -