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Sodium in the Finnish diet: II trends in dietary sodium intake and comparison between intake and 24-h excretion of sodium.
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2006 Oct; 60(10):1160-7.EJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To estimate cross-sectional and long-term dietary sodium intakes and sources in Finland, and to evaluate the validity of 48-h recall to assess sodium intake.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional dietary surveys and food availability data (Food Balance Sheets).

SETTING

Dietary surveys were carried out in Finland in 1992, 1997 and 2002. Food availability data were collected from 1980 to 1999.

SUBJECTS

A stratified random sample was drawn from the population register. The total number of participants in the three dietary surveys was 6730. In the subsample for urine collection, the number of participants was 879.

INTERVENTIONS

Nutrient intakes were estimated on the basis of a 3-day food diary in 1992, a 24-h recall in 1997 and a 48-h recall in 2002. The 24-h urinary excretion of sodium was used to validate sodium intake. In addition, salt intake was estimated based on Food Balance Sheets.

RESULTS

Sodium intake has slowly decreased since the early 1980s. Reported daily sodium intake correlated significantly with sodium excretion.

CONCLUSIONS

Sodium intake has decreased during the last two decades, but is still higher than the recommended daily intake. Sodium intake estimation based on dietary surveys and food availability data is a valid method provided that the food composition database is up to date and of good quality.

SPONSORSHIP

All surveys were funded by the National Public Health Institute in Finland and the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland. heli.reinivuo@ktl.fiNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16639417

Citation

Reinivuo, H, et al. "Sodium in the Finnish Diet: II Trends in Dietary Sodium Intake and Comparison Between Intake and 24-h Excretion of Sodium." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 60, no. 10, 2006, pp. 1160-7.
Reinivuo H, Valsta LM, Laatikainen T, et al. Sodium in the Finnish diet: II trends in dietary sodium intake and comparison between intake and 24-h excretion of sodium. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2006;60(10):1160-7.
Reinivuo, H., Valsta, L. M., Laatikainen, T., Tuomilehto, J., & Pietinen, P. (2006). Sodium in the Finnish diet: II trends in dietary sodium intake and comparison between intake and 24-h excretion of sodium. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 60(10), 1160-7.
Reinivuo H, et al. Sodium in the Finnish Diet: II Trends in Dietary Sodium Intake and Comparison Between Intake and 24-h Excretion of Sodium. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2006;60(10):1160-7. PubMed PMID: 16639417.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Sodium in the Finnish diet: II trends in dietary sodium intake and comparison between intake and 24-h excretion of sodium. AU - Reinivuo,H, AU - Valsta,L M, AU - Laatikainen,T, AU - Tuomilehto,J, AU - Pietinen,P, Y1 - 2006/04/26/ PY - 2006/4/28/pubmed PY - 2007/1/11/medline PY - 2006/4/28/entrez SP - 1160 EP - 7 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 60 IS - 10 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To estimate cross-sectional and long-term dietary sodium intakes and sources in Finland, and to evaluate the validity of 48-h recall to assess sodium intake. DESIGN: Cross-sectional dietary surveys and food availability data (Food Balance Sheets). SETTING: Dietary surveys were carried out in Finland in 1992, 1997 and 2002. Food availability data were collected from 1980 to 1999. SUBJECTS: A stratified random sample was drawn from the population register. The total number of participants in the three dietary surveys was 6730. In the subsample for urine collection, the number of participants was 879. INTERVENTIONS: Nutrient intakes were estimated on the basis of a 3-day food diary in 1992, a 24-h recall in 1997 and a 48-h recall in 2002. The 24-h urinary excretion of sodium was used to validate sodium intake. In addition, salt intake was estimated based on Food Balance Sheets. RESULTS: Sodium intake has slowly decreased since the early 1980s. Reported daily sodium intake correlated significantly with sodium excretion. CONCLUSIONS: Sodium intake has decreased during the last two decades, but is still higher than the recommended daily intake. Sodium intake estimation based on dietary surveys and food availability data is a valid method provided that the food composition database is up to date and of good quality. SPONSORSHIP: All surveys were funded by the National Public Health Institute in Finland and the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health. SN - 0954-3007 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16639417/Sodium_in_the_Finnish_diet:_II_trends_in_dietary_sodium_intake_and_comparison_between_intake_and_24_h_excretion_of_sodium_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602431 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -