LRRK2 mutations are a common cause of Parkinson's disease in Spain.Eur J Neurol. 2006 Apr; 13(4):391-4.EJ
Pathogenic mutations in the leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 gene (LRRK2; PARK8) have been implicated in autosomal dominant, late-onset parkinsonism. The LRRK2 6055G > A (G2019S) mutation is the most common reported to date, and has been observed in a number of different European populations. So far, only the LRRK2 4321C > G (R1441G) mutation has been identified in the Spanish population. Herein we have assessed the frequency of G2019S in a referral-based series of 225 patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) from the region of Asturias, Northern Spain. The mutant allele was identified in five (2.7%) of the sporadic late-onset patients and was not present in control subjects. All carriers displayed genetic profiles consistent with the same haplotype, as previously reported for Lrrk2 G2019S-positive subjects. None of these patients presented with a family history of parkinsonism at the time of diagnosis. Thus, approximately 5% of sporadic patients with PD from the North of Spain have either Lrrk2 G2019S or R1441G substitutions.