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Age-dependent relationships among pain, depressive symptoms, and functional disability in youth with recurrent headaches.
Headache. 2006 Apr; 46(4):656-62.H

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To assess age differences associated with depressive symptoms and functional disability in children and adolescents with recurrent headache.

BACKGROUND

Research has indicated that psychological factors, especially depression, are related to the extent and nature of functional disability experienced from headaches. There is a lack of research examining how age impacts the relationship between pain, psychological factors, and activity restriction in children and adolescents with recurrent headache.

METHODS

Seventy-seven participants from a pediatric neurology clinic completed self-report measures of pain intensity, depressive symptoms, and functional disability.

RESULTS

Findings demonstrated a significant positive correlation between pain and functional disability, and depressive symptoms and functional disability for children. Correlations for adolescents failed to reach significance. Functional disability emerged as a mediator between headache pain and depressive symptoms for children but not for adolescents.

CONCLUSIONS

Results indicate potentially important age differences when examining the impact of functional disability on depressive symptoms in this sample. Findings suggest that functional disability may contribute to depressive symptoms differently for children versus adolescents with recurrent headache. Age-specific interventions that differentially focus on the specific roles that pain, depressive symptoms, and disability have for children and adolescents with recurrent headache may be warranted.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University, Mather Memorial Building #109, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44106-7123, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16643561

Citation

Lewandowski, Amy S., et al. "Age-dependent Relationships Among Pain, Depressive Symptoms, and Functional Disability in Youth With Recurrent Headaches." Headache, vol. 46, no. 4, 2006, pp. 656-62.
Lewandowski AS, Palermo TM, Peterson CC. Age-dependent relationships among pain, depressive symptoms, and functional disability in youth with recurrent headaches. Headache. 2006;46(4):656-62.
Lewandowski, A. S., Palermo, T. M., & Peterson, C. C. (2006). Age-dependent relationships among pain, depressive symptoms, and functional disability in youth with recurrent headaches. Headache, 46(4), 656-62.
Lewandowski AS, Palermo TM, Peterson CC. Age-dependent Relationships Among Pain, Depressive Symptoms, and Functional Disability in Youth With Recurrent Headaches. Headache. 2006;46(4):656-62. PubMed PMID: 16643561.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Age-dependent relationships among pain, depressive symptoms, and functional disability in youth with recurrent headaches. AU - Lewandowski,Amy S, AU - Palermo,Tonya M, AU - Peterson,Catherine C, PY - 2006/4/29/pubmed PY - 2006/9/2/medline PY - 2006/4/29/entrez SP - 656 EP - 62 JF - Headache JO - Headache VL - 46 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To assess age differences associated with depressive symptoms and functional disability in children and adolescents with recurrent headache. BACKGROUND: Research has indicated that psychological factors, especially depression, are related to the extent and nature of functional disability experienced from headaches. There is a lack of research examining how age impacts the relationship between pain, psychological factors, and activity restriction in children and adolescents with recurrent headache. METHODS: Seventy-seven participants from a pediatric neurology clinic completed self-report measures of pain intensity, depressive symptoms, and functional disability. RESULTS: Findings demonstrated a significant positive correlation between pain and functional disability, and depressive symptoms and functional disability for children. Correlations for adolescents failed to reach significance. Functional disability emerged as a mediator between headache pain and depressive symptoms for children but not for adolescents. CONCLUSIONS: Results indicate potentially important age differences when examining the impact of functional disability on depressive symptoms in this sample. Findings suggest that functional disability may contribute to depressive symptoms differently for children versus adolescents with recurrent headache. Age-specific interventions that differentially focus on the specific roles that pain, depressive symptoms, and disability have for children and adolescents with recurrent headache may be warranted. SN - 0017-8748 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16643561/Age_dependent_relationships_among_pain_depressive_symptoms_and_functional_disability_in_youth_with_recurrent_headaches_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -