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Effects of dietary fiber supplementation on glycemic control in dogs with alloxan-induced diabetes mellitus.
Am J Vet Res. 1991 Dec; 52(12):2060-6.AJ

Abstract

The effect of a high insoluble-fiber (IF) diet containing 15% cellulose in dry matter, high soluble-fiber (SF) diet containing 15% pectin in dry matter, and low-fiber (LF) diet on glycemic control in 6 dogs with alloxan-induced insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus was evaluated. Each diet contained greater than 50% digestible carbohydrate in dry matter. A crossover study was used with each dog randomly assigned to a predetermined diet sequence. Each dog was fed each diet for 56 days. Caloric intake was adjusted weekly as needed to maintain each dog within 1.5 kg of its body weight measured prior to induction of diabetes mellitus. All dogs were given pork lente insulin and half of their daily caloric intake at 12-hour intervals. Mean (+/- SEM) daily caloric intake was significantly (P less than 0.05) less when dogs consumed the IF diet vs the SF and LF diets (66 +/- 3 kcal/kg, 81 +/- 5 kcal/kg, and 79 +/- 4 kcal/kg, respectively). Serum alkaline phosphatase activity was significantly (P less than 0.05) higher when dogs consumed the LF diet vs the IF and SF diets (182 +/- 37 IU/L, 131 +/- 24 IU/L, and 143 +/- 24 IU/L, respectively). Mean postprandial plasma glucose concentration measured every 2 hours for 24 hours, beginning at the time of the morning insulin injection, was significantly (P less than 0.05) lower at most blood sampling times in dogs fed IF and SF diets, compared with dogs fed the LF diet.(

ABSTRACT

TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

1665025

Citation

Nelson, R W., et al. "Effects of Dietary Fiber Supplementation On Glycemic Control in Dogs With Alloxan-induced Diabetes Mellitus." American Journal of Veterinary Research, vol. 52, no. 12, 1991, pp. 2060-6.
Nelson RW, Ihle SL, Lewis LD, et al. Effects of dietary fiber supplementation on glycemic control in dogs with alloxan-induced diabetes mellitus. Am J Vet Res. 1991;52(12):2060-6.
Nelson, R. W., Ihle, S. L., Lewis, L. D., Salisbury, S. K., Miller, T., Bergdall, V., & Bottoms, G. D. (1991). Effects of dietary fiber supplementation on glycemic control in dogs with alloxan-induced diabetes mellitus. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 52(12), 2060-6.
Nelson RW, et al. Effects of Dietary Fiber Supplementation On Glycemic Control in Dogs With Alloxan-induced Diabetes Mellitus. Am J Vet Res. 1991;52(12):2060-6. PubMed PMID: 1665025.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of dietary fiber supplementation on glycemic control in dogs with alloxan-induced diabetes mellitus. AU - Nelson,R W, AU - Ihle,S L, AU - Lewis,L D, AU - Salisbury,S K, AU - Miller,T, AU - Bergdall,V, AU - Bottoms,G D, PY - 1991/12/1/pubmed PY - 1991/12/1/medline PY - 1991/12/1/entrez SP - 2060 EP - 6 JF - American journal of veterinary research JO - Am J Vet Res VL - 52 IS - 12 N2 - The effect of a high insoluble-fiber (IF) diet containing 15% cellulose in dry matter, high soluble-fiber (SF) diet containing 15% pectin in dry matter, and low-fiber (LF) diet on glycemic control in 6 dogs with alloxan-induced insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus was evaluated. Each diet contained greater than 50% digestible carbohydrate in dry matter. A crossover study was used with each dog randomly assigned to a predetermined diet sequence. Each dog was fed each diet for 56 days. Caloric intake was adjusted weekly as needed to maintain each dog within 1.5 kg of its body weight measured prior to induction of diabetes mellitus. All dogs were given pork lente insulin and half of their daily caloric intake at 12-hour intervals. Mean (+/- SEM) daily caloric intake was significantly (P less than 0.05) less when dogs consumed the IF diet vs the SF and LF diets (66 +/- 3 kcal/kg, 81 +/- 5 kcal/kg, and 79 +/- 4 kcal/kg, respectively). Serum alkaline phosphatase activity was significantly (P less than 0.05) higher when dogs consumed the LF diet vs the IF and SF diets (182 +/- 37 IU/L, 131 +/- 24 IU/L, and 143 +/- 24 IU/L, respectively). Mean postprandial plasma glucose concentration measured every 2 hours for 24 hours, beginning at the time of the morning insulin injection, was significantly (P less than 0.05) lower at most blood sampling times in dogs fed IF and SF diets, compared with dogs fed the LF diet.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) SN - 0002-9645 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/1665025/Effects_of_dietary_fiber_supplementation_on_glycemic_control_in_dogs_with_alloxan_induced_diabetes_mellitus_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -