Zinc accumulation in Solanum nigrum is enhanced by different arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi.Chemosphere. 2006 Nov; 65(7):1256-63.C
Solanum nigrum was found to proliferate in sediments with high levels of metal pollution. The effect of Zn on plant growth and tissue metal accumulation was assessed. The response of the plant to the inoculation with four different isolates of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) (Glomus sp. BEG140, Glomus claroideum, Glomus mosseae and Glomus intraradices) was studied. While the isolates of AMF did not have a significant (P<0.05) influence on mycorrhizal colonisation, increasing Zn concentration to high levels (500 and 1000 mgkg(-1)) induced significant (P<0.05) decrease of the AMF colonisation. In general, the presence of AMF did not affect the growth and biomass of S. nigrum individuals. However, the level of metal in the matrix affected S. nigrum growth; plants grown at 100 mgkg(-1) had significantly (P<0.05) lower leaf, stem, root and total biomass than control ones and plants growing at 500 and 1000 mgkg(-1) had the significantly (P<0.05) lowest biomass. Plants inoculated with the AMF G. claroideum and G. intraradices presented significantly (P<0.05) higher Zn accumulation in all plant tissues. In general, the stem tissues had the higher Zn content while the leaves registered the lowest values, which indicate a high translocation of the metal. AMF inoculation had no significant (P<0.05) influence on the metal translocation within the plant. This study suggests that inoculation with the AMF G. claroideum or G. intraradices, can enhance the Zn accumulation in the tissues of S. nigrum, not affecting the plant translocation capacities.