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Affective disorder in the parents of a clinic sample of children with anxiety disorders.
J Affect Disord. 2006 Jul; 93(1-3):205-12.JA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Family history studies in adults reveal strong familiality for the anxiety disorders with some specificity. The aim of the current study was to establish whether there was an elevated rate of anxiety disorders in the parents of children with anxiety disorders, and whether there was intergenerational specificity in the form of disorder.

METHODS

The mental state of a clinic sample of 85 children with anxiety disorder and their parents was systematically assessed, together with a comparison sample of 45 children with no current disorder and their parents.

RESULTS

Compared to the rate of anxiety disorder amongst parents of comparison children, the rate of current anxiety disorder in mothers of anxious children was significantly raised, as was the lifetime rate of anxiety disorder for both mothers and fathers. The mothers of children with generalised anxiety disorder, social phobia, specific phobia and separation anxiety disorder all had raised lifetime rates of the corresponding disorder, but also raised rates of others disorders.

LIMITATIONS

Only 60% of the fathers of the anxious children were assessed.

CONCLUSIONS

Strong familiality of anxiety disorders was confirmed, especially between child and maternal anxiety disorder. All child anxiety disorders were associated with several forms of anxiety disorder in the mother. Some specificity in the form of anxiety disorder in the child and the mother was apparent for social phobia and separation anxiety disorder. The findings have implications for the management of child anxiety.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Winnicott Research Unit, School of Psychology, University of Reading, RG6 6AL, UK. p.j.cooper@rdg.ac.ukNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16675030

Citation

Cooper, Peter J., et al. "Affective Disorder in the Parents of a Clinic Sample of Children With Anxiety Disorders." Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 93, no. 1-3, 2006, pp. 205-12.
Cooper PJ, Fearn V, Willetts L, et al. Affective disorder in the parents of a clinic sample of children with anxiety disorders. J Affect Disord. 2006;93(1-3):205-12.
Cooper, P. J., Fearn, V., Willetts, L., Seabrook, H., & Parkinson, M. (2006). Affective disorder in the parents of a clinic sample of children with anxiety disorders. Journal of Affective Disorders, 93(1-3), 205-12.
Cooper PJ, et al. Affective Disorder in the Parents of a Clinic Sample of Children With Anxiety Disorders. J Affect Disord. 2006;93(1-3):205-12. PubMed PMID: 16675030.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Affective disorder in the parents of a clinic sample of children with anxiety disorders. AU - Cooper,Peter J, AU - Fearn,Vanessa, AU - Willetts,Lucy, AU - Seabrook,Hannah, AU - Parkinson,Monika, Y1 - 2006/05/03/ PY - 2006/02/08/received PY - 2006/03/22/revised PY - 2006/03/24/accepted PY - 2006/5/6/pubmed PY - 2006/11/11/medline PY - 2006/5/6/entrez SP - 205 EP - 12 JF - Journal of affective disorders JO - J Affect Disord VL - 93 IS - 1-3 N2 - BACKGROUND: Family history studies in adults reveal strong familiality for the anxiety disorders with some specificity. The aim of the current study was to establish whether there was an elevated rate of anxiety disorders in the parents of children with anxiety disorders, and whether there was intergenerational specificity in the form of disorder. METHODS: The mental state of a clinic sample of 85 children with anxiety disorder and their parents was systematically assessed, together with a comparison sample of 45 children with no current disorder and their parents. RESULTS: Compared to the rate of anxiety disorder amongst parents of comparison children, the rate of current anxiety disorder in mothers of anxious children was significantly raised, as was the lifetime rate of anxiety disorder for both mothers and fathers. The mothers of children with generalised anxiety disorder, social phobia, specific phobia and separation anxiety disorder all had raised lifetime rates of the corresponding disorder, but also raised rates of others disorders. LIMITATIONS: Only 60% of the fathers of the anxious children were assessed. CONCLUSIONS: Strong familiality of anxiety disorders was confirmed, especially between child and maternal anxiety disorder. All child anxiety disorders were associated with several forms of anxiety disorder in the mother. Some specificity in the form of anxiety disorder in the child and the mother was apparent for social phobia and separation anxiety disorder. The findings have implications for the management of child anxiety. SN - 0165-0327 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16675030/Affective_disorder_in_the_parents_of_a_clinic_sample_of_children_with_anxiety_disorders_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0165-0327(06)00142-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -