Fast determination of curcumol, curdione and germacrone in three species of Curcuma rhizomes by microwave-assisted extraction followed by headspace solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.J Chromatogr A. 2006 Jun 09; 1117(2):115-20.JC
Curcumol, germacrone and curdione are the main active ingredients in a common traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) of Rhizoma Curcuma, and commonly used as the TCM quality control markers. In the present work, microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) followed by headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was developed for the quantitative analysis of curcumol, curdione and germacrone in Rhizoma Curcuma. The MAE and HS-SPME parameters were studied, and the method was validated. The optimal MAE conditions obtained were: microwave power of 700 W and irradiation time of 4 min, and HS-SPME optimal conditions were: fiber coating of 100 microm PDMS, extraction temperature of 80 degrees C, extraction time of 20 min, stirring rate of 1,100 rpm, and salt concentration of 30% NaCl. The proposed method provided good precision (RSD less than 12%) and recoveries between 86% and 93%. The proposed method was applied to the determination of the three marker compounds in three species of Curcuma rhizomes (Curcuma wenyujin, Curcuma phaeocaulis, and Curcuma kwangsiensis). To demonstrate the proposed method reliability, a conventional technique of steam distillation was also used for the analysis of curcumol, germacrone and curdione in the TCMs. The results show that MAE-HS-SPME is a simple, rapid, solvent-free and reliable method for the determination of curdione, curcumol and germacrone in TCM, and also a potential and powerful tool for quality assessment of Rhizoma Curcuma.