Body composition in children with bronchopulmonary dysplasia predicted from bioelectric impedance and anthropometric variables: comparison with a reference dual X-ray absorptiometry.Clin Nutr. 2006 Oct; 25(5):810-5.CN
Since children with bronchopulmonary dysplasia often suffer from malnutrition and growth failure, evaluation of body composition is a very important tool to nutritional support. The aim of this study was to compare assessment of fat-mass (FM) and fat-free mass (FFM), evaluated by bio-impedancemetry and anthropometry compared to dual-X-ray-absorptiometry (DXA) in children with bronchopulmonary dysplasia.
Seventy-one children, aged 4-8 years, with bronchopulmonary dysplasia were enrolled.
FM and FFM measured using anthropometry and bio-impedancemetry were compared to FM and FFM obtained by DXA using the Bland-Altman method.
Both bio-impedancemetry and anthropometry gave good agreement with DXA to evaluate FM and FFM. Anthropometry method, in general, slightly under-estimated FM (mean difference: -0.02 kg, standard deviation: 0.99) and FFM (mean difference: -0.70 kg+/-1.72). Bio-impedancemetry method overestimated FM (mean difference: 0.34 kg+/-2.06) and underestimated FFM (mean difference: -1.24 kg+/-3.32).
In children with bronchopulmonary dysplasia aged, 4-8 years, both anthropometry and bio-impedancemetry cannot be used to precisely evaluate body composition.