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Cultural/interpersonal values and smoking in an ethnically diverse sample of Southern California adolescents.
J Cult Divers. 2006 Spring; 13(1):55-63.JC

Abstract

In ethnically diverse school contexts, values from multiple cultures might influence adolescents' attitudes and behaviors. This study developed scales to assess cultural values among Southern California 6'-grade adolescents (N=2281) and evaluated the associations between values and smoking. The scales assessed values salient in many Hispanic and Asian cultures: Respect for Adults (e.g., filial piety, respeto), Interpersonal Harmony (e.g., saving face, simpatia), and Differentiated Gender Roles (e.g., machismo). In cross-sectional and one-year longitudinal models, Respect for Adults and Interpersonal Harmony were associated with a lower risk of lifetime smoking. The associations were significant even after controlling for demographic characteristics, friends' smoking, and parents' smoking, indicating that values influence adolescents' behavior over and above the effects of modeling and peer influence. Increased understanding of adolescents' values could inform the creation of smoking prevention programs for ethnically diverse adolescents.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, Transdisciplinary Tobacco Use Research Center, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16696546

Citation

Unger, Jennifer B., et al. "Cultural/interpersonal Values and Smoking in an Ethnically Diverse Sample of Southern California Adolescents." Journal of Cultural Diversity, vol. 13, no. 1, 2006, pp. 55-63.
Unger JB, Shakib S, Gallaher P, et al. Cultural/interpersonal values and smoking in an ethnically diverse sample of Southern California adolescents. J Cult Divers. 2006;13(1):55-63.
Unger, J. B., Shakib, S., Gallaher, P., Ritt-Olson, A., Mouttapa, M., Palmer, P. H., & Johnson, C. A. (2006). Cultural/interpersonal values and smoking in an ethnically diverse sample of Southern California adolescents. Journal of Cultural Diversity, 13(1), 55-63.
Unger JB, et al. Cultural/interpersonal Values and Smoking in an Ethnically Diverse Sample of Southern California Adolescents. J Cult Divers. 2006;13(1):55-63. PubMed PMID: 16696546.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Cultural/interpersonal values and smoking in an ethnically diverse sample of Southern California adolescents. AU - Unger,Jennifer B, AU - Shakib,Sohaila, AU - Gallaher,Peggy, AU - Ritt-Olson,Anamara, AU - Mouttapa,Michele, AU - Palmer,Paula H, AU - Johnson,C Anderson, PY - 2006/5/16/pubmed PY - 2006/6/13/medline PY - 2006/5/16/entrez SP - 55 EP - 63 JF - Journal of cultural diversity JO - J Cult Divers VL - 13 IS - 1 N2 - In ethnically diverse school contexts, values from multiple cultures might influence adolescents' attitudes and behaviors. This study developed scales to assess cultural values among Southern California 6'-grade adolescents (N=2281) and evaluated the associations between values and smoking. The scales assessed values salient in many Hispanic and Asian cultures: Respect for Adults (e.g., filial piety, respeto), Interpersonal Harmony (e.g., saving face, simpatia), and Differentiated Gender Roles (e.g., machismo). In cross-sectional and one-year longitudinal models, Respect for Adults and Interpersonal Harmony were associated with a lower risk of lifetime smoking. The associations were significant even after controlling for demographic characteristics, friends' smoking, and parents' smoking, indicating that values influence adolescents' behavior over and above the effects of modeling and peer influence. Increased understanding of adolescents' values could inform the creation of smoking prevention programs for ethnically diverse adolescents. SN - 1071-5568 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16696546/Cultural/interpersonal_values_and_smoking_in_an_ethnically_diverse_sample_of_Southern_California_adolescents_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/teenmentalhealth.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -