Compost effect on soil humic acid: A NMR study.Chemosphere. 2006 Nov; 65(8):1414-8.C
The humic acid (HA) fraction of a food and vegetable residues compost (CM) was taken as indicator to trace the fate of CM organic matter in four years CM amended soil. (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy were used to investigate the nature of the HA isolates from CM, control soil (S(4)) and amended soil. The result indicated a significant structural difference between CM HA and S(4) HA, and supported the presence of both HA fractions in soil at the end of the amendment trials. However, the nature and content of CM HA in soil did not fully explain the increase of soil cation exchange capacity (CEC) after amendment. All CM humic fractions (i.e., fulvic acid, humic acid and humin) were found to contribute to the change of the soil organic matter composition. It is concluded that although CM HA is a suitable indicator of the survival of compost organic matter in soil during amendment, all three humic fractions should be monitored and analyzed to fully understand changes in the composition and properties of amended soil.