A case of epidermolysis bullosa acquisita with autoantibody to anti-p200 pemphigoid antigen and exfoliative esophagitis.Dermatology. 2006; 212(4):381-4.D
Some cases of a subepidermal blistering disease associated with autoantibodies to more than two antigens have been reported.
A 52-year-old Japanese woman had pruritic blisters on almost the whole body as well as erosive lesions in the oral cavity and esophagus. A histological finding was subepidermal bullae. Direct immunofluorescence (IF) revealed a linear deposition of IgG, IgM and C3 at the epidermal basement membrane zone (BMZ). Indirect IF using human skin split by 1 M NaCl as a substrate showed IgG antibody reactive with the dermal side. By immunoblot analysis using normal human dermal extract, the 200-kDa and 290-kDa bands were detected. Indirect IF did not show any anti-BMZ antibody activity, when using the skin of the patient with recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa as a substrate.
We regarded our case as epidermolysis bullosa acquisita with autoantibody to anti-p200 pemphigoid antigen. This is the second case in the literature associated with autoantibodies to these two antigens.