[The role of ethanol in complex poisonings with carbon monoxide and hydrogen cyanide in fire victims].Arch Med Sadowej Kryminol. 2006 Jan-Mar; 56(1):9-14.AM
A total of 230 cases of deaths in burning spaces dating from the years 1995-2003 were investigated in Forensic Medicine Department, Silesian University of Medicine, Katowice. HbCO and HCN found in 177 blood samples ranged from 4-95 % (mean, 31,5 %) and 0,5-40,3 microg/ml (mean, 9,98 microg/ml), respectively. Moreover, ethanol was found in 122 blood samples. Its concentration ranged from 0,89-5,0 per thousand (mean, 1,45 per thousand). A comparative analysis of HbCO and HCN levels in the groups with and without ethanol showed that the range and the mean concentration of both these xenobiotics were higher in the group with no alcohol. It was also shown that the increased ethanol caused a drop in HbCO and HCN levels. To evaluate HbCO and HCN levels, the regression and correlation analysis was used.