[Changes of nerve growth factor and its receptors in the lung tissues in asthmatic rats and their effects on the airway inflammation].Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban. 2005 Dec; 30(6):660-5.ZN
To determine the expression of nerve growth factor (NGF), tyrosine kinase receptor A (trkA), and pan-neurotrophin receptor (p75) in the lung tissues in asthmatic rats, and to explore their effects on the airway inflammation.
Thirty-two SD rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: the control, asthma, NGF and anti-NGF groups. The asthmatic model was established by the inhalation and injection of ovalbumin. The total cell count and differential cell count in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were performed. The pathologic changes in the lung tissues of the 4 groups was detected by HE staining. The NGF mRNA expression in the lung tissues of the asthma and control groups was determined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The changes of trkA and p75 mRNA expressions in the lung tissues in the 4 groups were also investigated by RT-PCR.
Compared with the control group, the BALF total cell, the BALF eosinophils (Eos), and the BALF lymphocytes (Lyms) significantly increased (All P <0. 001) in the asthma group; and the lung tissues of the asthma group had more infiltrating inflammatory cells. Not only the expression of NGF mRNA, but also its receptors trkA and p75 mRNA in the lung tissues were significantly higher in the asthma group than those in the control group (All P < 0.01). Positive correlation was found between the expression of NGF mRNA and the BALF total cell, the BALF Lyms in the asthma group. Compared with the asthma group, the total cell, the Eos, and the lyms in BALF in the NGF group significantly increased (All P < 0.01), and the lungs of the NGF group had apparent inflammatory changes. The expre-ssions of p75 and trkA mRNA were enhanced significantly (All P < 0.05). Compared with the asthma group, the total cell, the Eos, and the lyms in BALF in the anti-NGF group significantly decreased (All P < 0.001), and the lungs of the anti-NGF group showed alleviative inflammatory changes. The expre-ssions of p75 and trkA mRNA significantly decreased (All P < 0.01).
In lungs of asthmatic rats, the elevated expression of NGF mRNA is closely related to the airway inflammation. NGF can upregulate the expressions of p75 and trkA mRNA in asthmatic rats, and then may promote their role in the airway neuronal inflammation in asthma.