Are low doses of tritium genotoxic to Mytilus edulis?Mar Environ Res. 2006 Jul; 62 Suppl:S297-300.ME
The genotoxic effects of tritium (3H) in the adult life stage of Mytilus edulis have been evaluated by the induction of micronuclei (MN) and DNA single strand breaks/alkali labile sites (Comet assay) in the haemocytes of exposed individuals. Assays were optimised and validated using ethylmethane sulfonate (EMS) as a reference genotoxic agent over different exposure periods. M. edulis were exposed, for 96 h, to a range of concentrations of 3H equivalent to a dose range of 12-485 microGy h(-1). Results revealed a dose-dependent increase for both the MN and Comet assays, and for both EMS and 3H. Since less than 500 microGy h(-1) 3H is capable of inducing genetic damage, generic doses recommended by the IAEA for the protection of aquatic biota may be overestimated for some organisms.