Evaluation of the role of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subtypes and cannabinoid system in the discriminative stimulus effects of nicotine in rats.Eur J Pharmacol. 2006 Jul 01; 540(1-3):96-106.EJ
Male Wistar rats were trained to discriminate (-)-nicotine (0.4 mg/kg) from saline under a two-lever, fixed-ratio 10 schedule of water reinforcement. During test sessions the following drugs were coadministered with saline (substitution studies) or nicotine (0.025-0.4 mg/kg; combination studies): the alpha4beta2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subtype antagonist dihydro-beta-erythroidine (DHbetaE), the non-selective nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subtype antagonist mecamylamine, the alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subtype antagonist methyllycaconitine (MLA), the alpha4beta2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subtype agonist 5-iodo-3-(2(S)-azetidinylmethoxy)pyridine (5-IA), the cannabinoid CB1 receptor antagonist/partial agonist rimonabant, the cannabinoid CB2 receptor antagonist N-[(1S)-endo-1,3,3-trimethylbicyclo-[2.2.1]heptan-2-yl]5-(4-chloro-3-methyl-phenyl)-1-(4-methybenzyl)pyrazole-3-carboxamide (SR 144528), the cannabinoid CB1/2 receptor agonists (-)-cis-3-[2-hydroxy-4-(1,1-dimethylheptyl)-phenyl]-trans-4-(3-hydroxy-propyl)cyclohexanol (CP 55,940) or R(+)-[2,3-dihydro-5-methyl-3-[(morpholinyl)methyl]-pyrrolo[1,2,3-de]-1,4-benzoxazin-6-yl]-(1-naphthalenyl)-methanone mesylate (WIN 55,212-2), the endogenous cannabinoid agonist and non-competitive alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subtype antagonist anandamide, the anandamide uptake and fatty acid amide hydrolase inhibitor N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z-eicosatetraenamide (AM-404), the fatty acid amide hydrolase inhibitor cyclohexylcarbamic acid 3'-carbamoyl-biphenyl-3-yl ester (URB 597), AM-404+anandamide or URB 597+anandamide. 5-IA (0.01 mg/kg) fully substituted for nicotine, while other drugs were inactive. In combination studies, DHbetaE and mecamylamine dose-dependently attenuated the discriminative stimulus effects of nicotine and the full substitution of 5-IA, while MLA, rimonabant, SR 144528, CP 55,940, WIN 55,212-2, and URB 597 did not alter the nicotine cue. Pretreatment with AM-404+anandamide or URB 597+anandamide weakly enhanced nicotine-lever responding. Our pharmacological analyses demonstrates that the expression of nicotine discrimination is under the control of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subtypes composed of alpha4beta2 (but not of alpha7) subunits. Furthermore, we excluded the involvement of either cannabinoid CB1 and CB2 receptors or increases in the endocannabinoid tone in the nicotine discrimination.