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Prevalence of known and undetected diabetes and associated risk factors in central Kerala--ADEPS.
Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2006 Dec; 74(3):289-94.DR

Abstract

Amrita Diabetes and Endocrine Population Survey (ADEPS) was conducted as a community-based cross-sectional survey to assess the prevalence of undetected diabetes mellitus (DM) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and their possible relationship with various risk factors in an urban South Indian population. An initial house-to-house survey of adults between ages 18 and 80 years (n = 3069) was followed by a second phase consisting of health check-up and biochemical evaluations of participants (n = 986). DM and IGT were diagnosed as per WHO criteria. Reported prevalence of known diabetes mellitus in the survey was 9.0% (276/3069); (M-8.7% and F-9.2%). Among the screened subjects who underwent blood testing, the prevalence of newly diagnosed diabetes was 10.5%. The prevalence of IGT was 4.1% and IFG was 7.1%. Increasing age, obesity, positive family history of diabetes, abnormal subscapular triceps skin fold ratio and presence of acanthosis nigricans (AN) were all found to be associated with increased risk of DM. The finding of high prevalence of newly detected DM and IGT in this population of Kerala with the highest standards of health care and literacy level compared to other states of India, emphasizes the need for routine screening of high-risk groups for early detection of the disease. A simple cutaneous sign, acanthosis nigricans was independently associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes in this survey and can be used as indication for screening for DM and IGT.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Elamakkara PO, Kochi 680026, Kerala, India. ushamenon@aims.amrita.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16730847

Citation

Menon, V Usha, et al. "Prevalence of Known and Undetected Diabetes and Associated Risk Factors in Central Kerala--ADEPS." Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, vol. 74, no. 3, 2006, pp. 289-94.
Menon VU, Kumar KV, Gilchrist A, et al. Prevalence of known and undetected diabetes and associated risk factors in central Kerala--ADEPS. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2006;74(3):289-94.
Menon, V. U., Kumar, K. V., Gilchrist, A., Sugathan, T. N., Sundaram, K. R., Nair, V., & Kumar, H. (2006). Prevalence of known and undetected diabetes and associated risk factors in central Kerala--ADEPS. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 74(3), 289-94.
Menon VU, et al. Prevalence of Known and Undetected Diabetes and Associated Risk Factors in Central Kerala--ADEPS. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2006;74(3):289-94. PubMed PMID: 16730847.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of known and undetected diabetes and associated risk factors in central Kerala--ADEPS. AU - Menon,V Usha, AU - Kumar,K Vinod, AU - Gilchrist,Allison, AU - Sugathan,T N, AU - Sundaram,K R, AU - Nair,Vasantha, AU - Kumar,Harish, Y1 - 2006/05/30/ PY - 2005/10/17/received PY - 2006/03/29/accepted PY - 2006/5/30/pubmed PY - 2007/2/3/medline PY - 2006/5/30/entrez SP - 289 EP - 94 JF - Diabetes research and clinical practice JO - Diabetes Res Clin Pract VL - 74 IS - 3 N2 - Amrita Diabetes and Endocrine Population Survey (ADEPS) was conducted as a community-based cross-sectional survey to assess the prevalence of undetected diabetes mellitus (DM) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and their possible relationship with various risk factors in an urban South Indian population. An initial house-to-house survey of adults between ages 18 and 80 years (n = 3069) was followed by a second phase consisting of health check-up and biochemical evaluations of participants (n = 986). DM and IGT were diagnosed as per WHO criteria. Reported prevalence of known diabetes mellitus in the survey was 9.0% (276/3069); (M-8.7% and F-9.2%). Among the screened subjects who underwent blood testing, the prevalence of newly diagnosed diabetes was 10.5%. The prevalence of IGT was 4.1% and IFG was 7.1%. Increasing age, obesity, positive family history of diabetes, abnormal subscapular triceps skin fold ratio and presence of acanthosis nigricans (AN) were all found to be associated with increased risk of DM. The finding of high prevalence of newly detected DM and IGT in this population of Kerala with the highest standards of health care and literacy level compared to other states of India, emphasizes the need for routine screening of high-risk groups for early detection of the disease. A simple cutaneous sign, acanthosis nigricans was independently associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes in this survey and can be used as indication for screening for DM and IGT. SN - 0168-8227 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16730847/Prevalence_of_known_and_undetected_diabetes_and_associated_risk_factors_in_central_Kerala__ADEPS_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0168-8227(06)00130-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -