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In utero and childhood exposure to parental tobacco smoke, and allergies in schoolchildren.
Respir Med. 2007 Jan; 101(1):107-17.RM

Abstract

Among early-life environmental factors, parental smoking (ETS) has been associated with adverse respiratory outcomes in children. The aim of the study was to evaluate whether parental smoking might lead to asthma and allergies taking into account family history of asthma, personal atopy, breast feeding as confounders and owing pets and day-care during the first 6 months of life as modifiers. About 9000 children of fourth and fifth grade were selected in six cities of France. About 7798 answered an epidemiological questionnaire, underwent a medical examination including skin prick test positivity to common allergens, skin examination for eczema, and run test to assess exercise-induced asthma (EIA). Prevalence of allergies was, respectively, 25.2% for eczema, 12.9% for rhinitis, 9.9% for asthma and 25% for atopy. About 8.3% had an EIA. About 21.6% of children were exposed to maternal tobacco smoking during pregnancy. Maternal smoking, in utero and later, was significantly related to lifetime wheezing (odds ratio (OR): 1.24[1.10-1.56]) and asthma (OR: 1.22[1.04-1.66]). There was no association between atopy, rhinitis, eczema and parental smoking, respectively. ETS remains a risk factor of wheezing in childhood. Counselling parents of children to quit smoking still remains a public health policy.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Service des Maladies Respiratoires, Hôpital du Haut-Lévèque, Avenue Magellan, 33604 Pessac, France. chantal.raherison@chu-bordeaux.frNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16735111

Citation

Raherison, Chantal, et al. "In Utero and Childhood Exposure to Parental Tobacco Smoke, and Allergies in Schoolchildren." Respiratory Medicine, vol. 101, no. 1, 2007, pp. 107-17.
Raherison C, Pénard-Morand C, Moreau D, et al. In utero and childhood exposure to parental tobacco smoke, and allergies in schoolchildren. Respir Med. 2007;101(1):107-17.
Raherison, C., Pénard-Morand, C., Moreau, D., Caillaud, D., Charpin, D., Kopfersmitt, C., Lavaud, F., Taytard, A., & Annesi-maesano, I. (2007). In utero and childhood exposure to parental tobacco smoke, and allergies in schoolchildren. Respiratory Medicine, 101(1), 107-17.
Raherison C, et al. In Utero and Childhood Exposure to Parental Tobacco Smoke, and Allergies in Schoolchildren. Respir Med. 2007;101(1):107-17. PubMed PMID: 16735111.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - In utero and childhood exposure to parental tobacco smoke, and allergies in schoolchildren. AU - Raherison,Chantal, AU - Pénard-Morand,Céline, AU - Moreau,David, AU - Caillaud,Denis, AU - Charpin,Denis, AU - Kopfersmitt,Christien, AU - Lavaud,François, AU - Taytard,André, AU - Annesi-maesano,Isabella, Y1 - 2006/06/02/ PY - 2005/11/11/received PY - 2006/04/04/revised PY - 2006/04/11/accepted PY - 2006/6/1/pubmed PY - 2007/3/24/medline PY - 2006/6/1/entrez SP - 107 EP - 17 JF - Respiratory medicine JO - Respir Med VL - 101 IS - 1 N2 - Among early-life environmental factors, parental smoking (ETS) has been associated with adverse respiratory outcomes in children. The aim of the study was to evaluate whether parental smoking might lead to asthma and allergies taking into account family history of asthma, personal atopy, breast feeding as confounders and owing pets and day-care during the first 6 months of life as modifiers. About 9000 children of fourth and fifth grade were selected in six cities of France. About 7798 answered an epidemiological questionnaire, underwent a medical examination including skin prick test positivity to common allergens, skin examination for eczema, and run test to assess exercise-induced asthma (EIA). Prevalence of allergies was, respectively, 25.2% for eczema, 12.9% for rhinitis, 9.9% for asthma and 25% for atopy. About 8.3% had an EIA. About 21.6% of children were exposed to maternal tobacco smoking during pregnancy. Maternal smoking, in utero and later, was significantly related to lifetime wheezing (odds ratio (OR): 1.24[1.10-1.56]) and asthma (OR: 1.22[1.04-1.66]). There was no association between atopy, rhinitis, eczema and parental smoking, respectively. ETS remains a risk factor of wheezing in childhood. Counselling parents of children to quit smoking still remains a public health policy. SN - 0954-6111 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16735111/In_utero_and_childhood_exposure_to_parental_tobacco_smoke_and_allergies_in_schoolchildren_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0954-6111(06)00221-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -